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Canine adenovirus 1

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An adenovirus causing infectious canine hepatitis in dogs


Canine adenovirus 1 is the causative agent of the infectious canine hepatitis, i.e. a form of hepatitis characterized by fever, depression, loss of appetite, vomiting, bloody diarrhoea, petechial haemorrhages in the gums, pale mucous membranes, and jaundice. It is a viral hepatitis in dogs that can be spread by feces, saliva, urine, blood, saliva, and nasal discharge. Initially, the virus occurs in the tonsils where it replicates. It then infects the liver and the kidneys where it can cause lesions. Most dogs recover from the disease from the disease as well as from possible kidney lesions and corneal edema during the disease. However, when the condition worsens, it could lead to a more severe form characterized by bleeding disorders (e.g. hematomas in the mouth). It is also one of the causes of death in puppies. In other carnivores, the virus may cause encephalitis, e.g. in foxes.

Canine adenovirus 1 belongs to the genus Mastadenovirus of the taxonomic family Adenoviridae (adenoviruses).

Abbreviation / Acronym:

  • CAV-1
  • CAdV-1

Scientific classification:

  • Family: Adenoviridae
  • Genus: Mastadenovirus
  • Species: Canine adenovirus 1

Other common name(s):

  • fox encephalitis virus
  • Rubarth's disease virus

See also: