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From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary
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noun, plural: figs

(1) Any of the plant species of the genus Ficus of the family Moraceae

(2) The fruit of the Ficus tree

(3) A small piece of tobacco


Figs are plant species of the genus Ficus of the family Moraceae. Ficus is a genus characterized by having large, thick, or stiff leaves. Many of them are evergreen. Members of this genus are characterized by their unique inflorescence and pollination system (i.e. involving a specific wasp species (i.e. fig wasp of the family Agaonidaeas pollinators). Many of them produce aerial roots. Their fruit is an enclosed inflorescence (i.e. syconium). All figs possess a white to yellowish latex. There are about 800 species belonging to this genus. Examples are F. carica (known as the common fig), F. indica (commonly known as the banyan tree), F. religiosa (also known as the peepul tree), F. elastica (commonly known as the India rubber tree).

Ficus carica in particular is that species that is referred to as the common fig. It is native to the western Asia and the Middle East. It is cultivated for its fruit (also called fig) for commercial uses (i.e. as food and as ornament). The fruit is pear-shaped and has many small seeds.

Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Rosales
  • Family: Moraceae
  • Tribe: Ficeae
  • Genus: Ficus

See also: