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Ficus carica

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(botany) A species in the genus Ficus of the mulberry family (Moraceae), and is grown commercially for its fruit


Ficus carica belongs to the genus Ficus. This genus is characterized by having large, thick, or stiff leaves. Members of this genus are characterized by possessing a white to yellowish latex, a unique inflorescence, and a distinctive pollination system (i.e. involving a specific wasp species (i.e. fig wasp of the family Agaonidaeas pollinators). The fruit is an enclosed inflorescence (i.e. syconium).

Ficus carica is a species that is referred to as the common fig. It is native to the western Asia and the Middle East. It is cultivated for its fruit (also called fig) for commercial uses (i.e. as food and as ornament). The fruit is typically pear-shaped and has many small seeds. This plant may grow to a height of 7 to 10 meters. Its bark is white and smooth. The leaves may range from twelve to 25 cm in length and ten to 18 cm in width. The leaves are deeply lobed (i.e. three to five lobes).

Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Rosales
  • Family: Moraceae
  • Tribe: Ficeae
  • Genus: Ficus
  • Species: F. carica

Other common name(s):

  • common fig

See also: