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Fanconis syndrome

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Fanconis syndrome

(Science: syndrome) a group of conditions with characteristic disorders of renal tubular function, which may be classified as:

1. Cystinosis, an autosomal recessive disease of early childhood.

2. Adult fanconi syndrome, a rare hereditary form, probably due to a recessive gene different from that found in cystinosis, characterised by the tubular malfunction seen in cystinosis and by osteomalacia, but without cystine deposit in tissues.

3. Acquired fanconi syndrome, which may be associated with multiple myeloma or may result from chemical poisoning, injury, or persisting damage of proximal tubular epithelium due to various causes, leading to multiple defects of tubular function.