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Enterobacter aerogenes

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Definition

Noun

A gram-negative rod shaped motile and encapsulated bacterium and have peritrichous flagella that surrounds outer surface involved in nosocomial infections.

Supplement

Enterobacter aerogenes is commonly inhabits in water, soil and dairy products and it is a normal flora in the gastrointestinal tract of animals as well as in humans. It is able to ferment D-glucose as well as other sugars that generate gas with a pH ranging from 4.4-9.0.

Enterobacter aerogenes is commonly infect respiratory, urinary tract infections and gastrointestinal as well as in wound, bloodstream and central nervous system. The majority of infection is inadvertent transfer of bacteria during surgery or prolonged treatment in hospitals as well as those who already has suppressed immune defenses particularly to infants and elderly.

Enterobacter aerogenes is an opportunistic bacterium which is highly resistance to antibiotics including beta-lactam antibiotics, chloramphenicol, fluoroquinolones, tetracycline and kanamycin. It has a characteristic as multidrug-resistance that has become a growing problem and cause outbreaks to some countries. A recent study reveals that it is resistant to ampicillin as well as imipenem.

Scientific classification:

 Kingdom: Bacteria
 Phylum: Proteobacteria
 Class: Gamma Proteobacteria
 Order: Enterobacteriales
 Family: Enterobacteriaceae
 Genus: Enterobacter
 Species: Enterobacter aerogenes

See also:

• Bacteria

• Nosocomial infection

• Drug resistance