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Energy crop

From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary
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A crop grown specifically for their fuel value to make biofuels or to use its energy content.


Examples are food crops such as corn and sugarcane, and woody crops to be burnt to generate power such as willow or poplar, and switchgrass. At present, the short-rotation, fast-growing hardwood trees harvested in 5 to 8 years and the herbaceous energy crops such as perennial grasses harvested annually after two to three years of full productivity are some of the major energy crops being developed for biofuel.