An embolic infarct is an infarct that is caused by an embolus. An embolus, in pathology, refers to the occlusive material that travels and then lodges in blood vessels. Since the occlusion eventuates to the obstruction of blood flow, the cells of the affected tissue fail to receive sufficient oxygen and nutrition. As a result, the cells of the occluded tissue die. This consequential localized death of cells necrosis caused by a prolonged ischemia from the inadequate supply of blood to the tissue area is referred to as infarction. The traveling and the lodging of a piece of clot material is called embolism. Arterial embolism can lead to an embolic infarct in the affected tissue (e.g. in the leg or foot). The plaque that forms on the blood vessel may rupture, circulate, and lodge on another site. The resulting embolus may clog the vessel lumen, such as an artery, and as such can cause the death of the cells on the site. Patients with an embolic infarct may experience pain and loss of function in the affected tissue.
- Arterial embolism: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. (2016). Retrieved from Medlineplus.gov website: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001102.htm
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