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noun, plural: dromedaries

A single-humped, even-toed ungulate of the genus Camelus that is commonly found in Middle East and the Horn of Africa


The dromedaries, together with Bactrian camels, comprise the genus Camelus. The other species of camels are now extinct, e.g. the Syrian camel, Camelus moreli. The genus belongs to the family Camelidae, together with the camelids, llama, alpaca, guanaco, and vicugna. The dromedaries are distinct from the other camels in having a single hump on the back. They are also the more common and larger camels compared with the Bactrian camels.

The dromedaries are common in the Middle East and the Horn of Africa. Many of them are domesticated and aid in the transport of heavy loads. An adult male is typically 1.8 to 2 m tall when standing whereas an adult female is typically 1.7 to 1.9 m. Similar to other camel groups, the dromedaries have long hairs on the throat, shoulders, and hump, and a long, curved neck. Their coat is typically brown in color. The hump is a fatty deposit that enables them to survive arid habitats.

Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Family: Camelidae
  • Genus: Camelus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Species: Camelus dromedaries

Other common name(s):

  • Arabian camel

See also: