multiple facts (usually but not necessarily empirical) used as a basis for inference, testing, models, etc. The word is plural and takes a plural verb. A collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn; statistical data.Factual information in which decision making can be based upon. Data can be collected and be translated to have an informational value. The population of ducks in a given area may simply be data, but the data has an informational value when considering wh.