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From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary
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The dried stigmas of crocus sativus (c. Of ficinalis) (family Iridaceae), formerly used occasionally in flatulent dyspepsia; also formerly used as an antispasmodic in asthma and dysmenorrhoea and as a colouring and flavoring agent.

Synonym: saffron.

Origin: L. Fr. G. Krokos, the crocus, saffron (made from its stigmas)