Confused and have questions? We’ve got answers. With Chegg Study, you can get step-by-step solutions to your questions from an expert in the field. If you rather get 1:1 study help, try 30 minutes of free online tutoring with Chegg Tutors.

Cotranslational transport

From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Definition

noun

The process by which protein synthesis is closely coupled with the translocation of the growing protein to the destination within the cell, such as rough endoplasmic reticulum (rER) and plasma membranes


Supplement

In eukaryotes, the secretory proteins and membrane proteins are translocated to the rER and plasma membrane, respectively by means of cotranslational transport pathway.

This pathway also occurs in prokaryotes when the nascent protein is moved from the cytosol to the plasma membrane where it will continue growing to become a membrane protein.

(For in-depth information, see reference 1.)


See also:

Reference(s):

  • 1 Schwartz TU. 2007. Origins and Evolution of Cotranslational Transport to the ER.

In: Jékely G. Eukaryotic membranes and cytoskeleton: origins and evolution. Texas: Springer. p52-60.