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Collapse therapy

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Collapse therapy

surgical treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis whereby the lung is totally or partially, temporarily or permanently, immobilised. The procedure was based on the popular concept that collapsing the affected portion of a tuberculous lung allowed the infected area to rest and thereby recover. at the beginning of the 20th century artificially induced pneumothorax (pneumothorax, artificial) was popular. Later a variety of other techniques was used to encourage collapse of the infected portion of the lung: unilateral phrenic nerve division, pneumonolysis, pneumoperitoneum (pneumoperitoneum, artificial), and thoracoplasty. Collapse therapy has declined since the advent of antitubercular chemotherapy.