Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

(Science: disease) a progressive disease process that most commonly results from smoking. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is characterised by difficulty breathing, wheezing and a chronic cough.

treatment includes absolute avoidance from smoking, bronchodilators and oxygen for those with advanced disease. Complications include bronchitis, pneumonia and lung cancer.

See: emphysema.