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Plantae

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Definition

noun

A taxonomic group comprised of plants, particularly land plants and green algae


Supplement

Plantae is a taxonomic group that includes land plants and green algae. In the older classification of organisms, there are basically five kingdoms according to Robert Whittaker: Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Protista, and Monera. Kingdom Plantae includes multicellular, (mostly) autotrophic eukaryotes that (usually) conduct photosynthesis. Kingdom is formerly the highest taxonomic rank or the most general taxon used in classifying organisms. Newer classification scheme though such as that introduced by Carl Woese includes three domains. In this scheme, domain is the most general taxon and kingdom is only next to the hierarchy. Recent classification scheme also placed Plantae as a subkingdom to the more inclusive, Kingdom Archaeplastida. Other subgroups under Kingdom Archaeplastida are red algae and glaucophytes.

Members of Plantae are characterized by the following attributes:


Scientific classification:

  • Domain: Eukaryota
  • Kingdom: Archaeplastida
  • Subkingdom: Plantae