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Cellular neuroscience

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Definition

noun

A branch of neuroscience that deals with the scientific study of neurons at the cellular level


Supplement

Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system and is concerned with the structure, development, function, chemistry, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system. Modern tools and technologies (e.g. molecular biology, electrophysiology, computational methods, etc.) led to the advancement of research on nervous system. As a result, neuroscience is now comprised of various branches. Cellular neuroscience is one of the branches of neuroscience. It is concerned with the scientific study of neurons (nerve cells) at the cellular level. Therefore, it includes the morphological and physiological properties of neurons. Neurons are fundamental cells of the nervous system. Their major function is to receive, propagate, and transmit impulses. Cellular neuroscience makes use of various cytological techniques such as intracellular recording, voltage-clamp technique, microscopy, confocal imaging, etc. Some of the topics covered in cellular neuroscience are the different types of neurons, their functions and interactions. Glial cells, the non-neuronal cells of the nervous system, are also a topic of research although of only recent. The glial cells began to receive attention since they were found to function not just in nourishing and supporting neurons but also in modulating synapses.


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