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Cardiovascular disease

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noun, plural: cardiovascular diseases

A disease characterized by a dysfunction in the heart or blood vessel


Cardiovascular diseases are diseases of the heart or the blood vessels. Some of the cardiovascular diseases are as follows:

Research indicates that atherosclerosis is the main factor leading to cardiovascular diseases. Atherosclerosis is a disease due to plaques of fatty material (such as LDL particles) that deposit on the inner wall of the affected artery. This results in a series of physiological processes that lead to chronic inflammation and hardening of the artery. Over time, this condition could progress to stenosis or occlusion of the lumen thus restricting blood flow, or worse preventing blood flow.

A vulnerable plaque is the kind of atheromatous plaque that is often associated with many cardiovascular diseases. It grows rapidly and has a thin cover separating it from the bloodstream inside the lumen. This cover may tear and is called plaque rupture.

Abbreviation / Acronym: CVD

See also: