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Bactrian camel

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noun, plural: Bactrian camels

A camel of the family Camelidae characterized by having two humps on the back and commonly inhabits the steppes of Central Asia


The Bactrian camels are one of the two surviving groups of the genus Camelus. The other is a group of dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius). One of the main differences between Bactrian camels and dromedaries is the hump on their back. The Bactrian camels have two humps whereas the dromedaries have a single hump. The males of both groups though have a dulla, which is an organ on their throat that they extrude to show dominance and to attract a mate. Apart from their humps and dulla, other common distinctive features are their even-numbered toes. The Bactrian camels are less common than the dromedaries. They can be found in Central Asia and most of them are domesticated. Because of their ability to withstand cold and drought, they enable transporting loads to distances. The wild Bactrian camels have been included in the list of threatened species. They roam the remote regions of the Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts of Mongolia and China.1

Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Family: Camelidae
  • Genus: Camelus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Species: Camelus bactrianus

See also:

1 Bactrian camel. Retrieved from [[1]].