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Burkholderia cepacia

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A gram-negative non spore forming aerobic organisms mostly found in aquatic environment associated with respiratory tract infection in cystic fibrosis individuals.


Burkholderia cepacia possess a huge genetic make-up with a DNA of more than seven megabases that reveals little medical risk to healthy individuals unless weakened immune system and chroniclung disease may increased susceptibility to cause infections and appeared as human respiratory opportunistic pathogen on destabilized immune systems as well as bacteremia and abscesses.

Burkholderia cepacia can acts as pesticide since it is capable of eliminating soil borne plant pathogens and serves as bio-fertilizers that is cultivated in low fertile acidic soils. It is identified as a plant pathogen yet capable as pesticide that interacts with plants in an ecologically beneficial behavior wherein its metabolic capacity and genetic diversity permits to degrade pollutants like trichloroethylene, thus its properties create an important agent for bioremediation of contaminated environment.

Burkholderia cepacia can cause catheter related infections in cancer and hemodialysis patients via formation of biofilms in which it is difficult to recognize due to its similarity to other lung infections manifested with fever, shortness of breath, cough, wheezing and congestion.

Scientific classification:

Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Beta Proteobacteria
Order: Burkholderiales
Family: Burkholderiaceae
Genus: Burkholderia
Species: Burkholderia cepacia

See also:


Cystic fibrosis