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From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary
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a robber upon the sea; a pirate; a term applied especially to the piratical adventurers who made depredations on the Spaniards in America in the 17th and 18th centuries.

alternative forms: bucanier.

Primarily, one who dries and smokes flesh or fish after the manner of the indians. The name was first given to the french settlers in Hayti or Hispaniola, whose business was to hunt wild cattle and swine.

Origin: f. Boucanier, fr. Boucaner to smoke or broil meat and fish, to hunt wild beasts for their skins, boucan a smoking place for meat or fish, gridiron for smoking: a word of American origin.