Of a dark colour, of various shades between black and red or yellow. Cheeks brown as the oak leaves. (Longfellow) brown Bess, the old regulation flintlock smoothbore musket, with bronzed barrel, formerly used in the British army. Brown bread Dark coloured bread; especially. A kind made of unbolted wheat flour, sometimes called in the united states Graham bread. He would mouth with a beggar though she smelt brown bread and garlic. . Dark coloured bread made of rye meal and indian meal, or of wheat and rye or Indian; rye and indian bread. Brown coal, wood coal. See lignite. Brown hematite or brown iron ore, a ferruginous variety of dolomite, in part identical with ankerite. Brown stone. See Brownstone. Brown stout, a strong kind of proter or malt liquor. Brown study, a state of mental abstraction or serious reverie.