From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary


1. A spiritual overseer, superintendent, or director. Ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the shepherd and bishop of your souls. (1 pet. Ii. 25) It is a fact now generally recognised by theologians of all shades of opinion, that in the language of the new testament the same officer in the church is called indifferently bishop and elder or presbyter.' (j. B. Lightfoot)

2. In the roman Catholic, greek, and Anglican or protestant Episcopal churches, one ordained to the highest order of the ministry, superior to the priesthood, and generally claiming to be a successor of the Apostles. The bishop is usually the spiritual head or ruler of a diocese, bishopric, or see. Bishop in partibus, a term officially substituted in 1882 for bishop in partibus. Bench of bishops. See bench.

3. In the methodist Episcopal and some other churches, one of the highest church officers or superintendents.

4. A piece used in the game of chess, bearing a representation of a bishops miter; formerly called archer.

5. A beverage, being a mixture of wine, oranges or lemons, and sugar.

6. An old name for a woman's bustle. If, by her bishop, or her grace alone, a genuine lady, or a church, is known. (Saxe)

Origin: oe. Bischop, biscop, bisceop, as. Bisceop, biscop, L. Episcopus overseer, superintendent, bishop, fr. Gr, over _ inspector, fr. Root of, to look to, perh. Akin to L. Specere to look at. See spy, and cf. Episcopal.

(Science: veterinary) to make seem younger, by operating on the teeth; as, to bishop an old horse or his teeth.

The plan adopted is to cut off all the nippers with a saw to the proper length, and then with a cutting instrument the operator scoops out an oval cavity in the corner nippers, which is afterwards burnt with a hot iron until it is black.

Origin: From the name of the scoundrel who first practiced it. Youatt.