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From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary
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Compar. Of good. [OE. Betere, bettre, and as adv. Bet, as. Betera, adj, and bet, adv.; akin to Icel. Betri, adj, betr, adv, goth. Batiza, adj, OHG. Bezziro, adj, baz, adv, g. Besser, adj. And adv, bass, adv, E. Boot, and prob. to Skr. Bhadra excellent. See boot advantage, and cf. Best, Batful.

1. Having good qualities in a greater degree than another; as, a better man; a better physician; a better house; a better air. Could make the worse appear The better reason. (Milton)

2. Preferable in regard to rank, value, use, fitness, acceptableness, safety, or in any other respect. To obey is better than sacrifice. (1 sam. Xv. 22) It is better to trust in the lord than to put confidence in princes. (Ps. Cxviii. 9)

3. Greater in amount; larger; more.

4. Improved in health; less affected with disease; as, the patient is better.

5. More advanced; more perfect; as, upon better acquaintance; a better knowledge of the subject. All the better. See All, better half, an expression used to designate one's wife. My dear, my better half (said he), i find i must now leave thee. (Sir P. Sidney) to be better off, to be in a better condition. Had better. (see Had).

The phrase had better, followed by an infinitive without to, is idiomatic. The earliest form of construction was were better with a dative; as, Him were better go beside. i. E, It would be better for him, etc. at length the nominative (i, he, they, etc) supplanted the dative and had took the place of were. Thus we have the construction now used. By all that's holy, he had better starve Than but once think this place becomes thee not. (Shak)

1. to improve or ameliorate; to increase the good qualities of. Love betters what is best. (Wordsworth) He thought to better his circumstances. (Thackeray)

2. to improve the condition of, morally, physically, financially, socially, or otherwise. The constant effort of every man to better himself. (Macaulay)

3. to surpass in excellence; to exceed; to excel. The works of nature do always aim at that which can not be bettered. (Hooker)

4. to give advantage to; to support; to advance the interest of. Weapons more violent, when next we meet, May serve to better us and worse our foes. (Milton)

Synonym: to improve, meliorate, ameliorate, mend, amend, correct, emend, reform, advance, promote.

Origin: as. Beterian, betrian, fr. Betera better. See better.