From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary


1. (Science: botany) An aromatic plant of the genus melissa.

2. The resinous and aromatic exudation of certain trees or shrubs.

3. Any fragrant ointment.

4. Anything that heals or that mitigates pain. Balm for each ill.

(Science: zoology) balm cricket, the European cicada.

(Science: botany) balm of gilead, a small evergreen african and Asiatic tree of the terebinthine family (Balsamodendron Gileadense). Its leaves yield, when bruised, a strong aromatic scent; and from this tree is obtained the balm of gilead of the shops, or balsam of Mecca. This has a yellowish or greenish colour, a warm, bitterish, aromatic taste, and a fragrant smell. It is valued as an unguent and cosmetic by the turks. The fragrant herb Dracocephalum Canariense is familiarly called balm of gilead, and so are the American trees, Populus balsamifera, variety candicans (balsam poplar), and abies balsamea (balsam fir).

Origin: oe. Baume, OF. Bausme, basme, f. Baume, L. Balsamum balsam, from gr.; perhaps of Semitic origin; cf. Heb. Basam. Cf. Balsam.