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From Biology-Online Dictionary
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1. Of or pertaining to Augustus Caesar or to his times.

2. Of or pertaining to the town of Augsburg. Augustan age of any national literature, the period of its highest state of purity and refinement; so called because the reign of Augustus Caesar was the golden age of roman literature. Thus the reign of louis XIV. (b. 1638) has been called the augustan age of french literature, and that of queen Anne (b. 1664) the augustan age of english literature. Augustan confession, or confession of Augsburg, drawn up at Augusta Vindelicorum, or Augsburg, by Luther and Melanchthon, in 1530, contains the principles of the protestants, and their reasons for separating from the roman Catholic church.

Origin: L. Augustanus, fr. Augustus. See august.