a republic in southern africa, southwest of democratic republic of the congo and west of zambia. Its capital is luanda. It was formerly a portuguese overseas province called portuguese west africa, having been reached by portuguese sailors in 1483, with portuguese rule established in 1575. Its status was changed from colony to overseas province in 1951 and it received its independence in 1975. Angola is named for n'gola, a native ruler there in the 16th century.