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Acinetobacter venetianus

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Definition

Noun

A gram-negative bacterium involved as oil degrading microorganisms that produces extracellular polyanionic heteropolysaccharide bioemulsifier termed emulsans.

Supplement

Acinetobacter venetianus is known to degrade n-alkanes and has a potential for bioremediation with high resistance to toxic metals including cadmium, cobalt, arsenic and zinc. It formed emulsan that stabilizes oil-water emulsions with various hydrophobic substrates.

Acinetobacter venetianus has a molecular mass of 34.5kDa that able to produce amphipathic extracellular polyanionic bioemulsifier which makes it usable in industrial company as well as other application including petroleum crude oil degradation, produces esterase, produces apoemulsans, emulsans and generates emulsifier EF-RAG.

Acinetobacter venetianus grows at temperature approximately at 30’C and various number of DNA mobilization related genes including integrases, resolvases and transposases signify the important role in horizontal gene transfer and its adaptation to specific ecological niche.

Scientific classification:

 Kingdom: Bacteria
 Phylum: Proteobacteria
 Class: Gammaproteobacteria
 Order: Pseudomonadales
 Family: Moraxellaceae
 Genus: Acinetobacter	
 Species: Acinetobacter radioresistens

See also:

• Bacteria

• Emulsans

• Bioremediation