A gram-negative nonmotile aerobic and non spore forming bacterium involved in multiple pathogenic and opportunistic infections in humans.
Acinetobacter calcoaceticus can able to grow in an aerobic environment and is catalase positive while oxidase negative associated with skin infections that exhibited fatal cellulitis, fulminant and septicemia.
Acinetobacter calcoaceticus is part as a normal intestinal flora, skin and throat. It is predominantly distributed in nature. It has a little invasive power depending upon the pre-existing break in the normal body defenses. It is also known as causative agents in fulminating septicemia, meningitis, ophthalmic and pulmonary infections.
Acinetobacter calcoaceticus considered to be pathogenic and cause opportunistic infections with multiple underlying diseases. It is known to be relatively low virulence because colonization is more often recorded than infection where epidemiologic pressure common to nosocomial infections, antibiotic therapy, endotracheal intubation, urinary bladder catheterization, aspirational pneumonia and trauma.
Former name: Achromobacter anitratus
Species: Acinetobacter bereziniae
• Nosocomial infections