Genetics as it applies to evolution, molecular biology, and medical aspects.
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Hannamerika wrote:Does Mitochondrial DNA have anything to do with physical traits, such as hair color, eye color, size etc?
As far as I know, no.
mtDNA encodes some of the various components for the mitochondria such as the ETC (Electron Transport Chain) proteins such as ATP synthase and it's own ribosomal genes.
Here is a pretty good representation of what mtDNA looks like.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/c ... DNA_en.svg
There are genetic diseases caused by defects carried on the mitochondrial chromosome that can have clear phenotypic consequences. http://www.umdf.org/site/c.8qKOJ0MvF7LUG/b.7934627/k.3711/What_is_Mitochondrial_Disease.htm
jonmoulton wrote:There are genetic diseases caused by defects carried on the mitochondrial chromosome that can have clear phenotypic consequences. http://www.umdf.org/site/c.8qKOJ0MvF7LUG/b.7934627/k.3711/What_is_Mitochondrial_Disease.htm
But a quick read suggests they don'y produce "traits" like the distinct phenotypes of Mendel's pea plants.
http://www.umdf.org/site/pp.aspx?c=8qKO ... &b=7934627
Read the sections on genocopies and phenocopies.
Darby wrote:What "strategies"?
And who is the "we" here - all eukaryotes?
all organisms that are stuck with their inherited genetics, are exclusively sexual, have long generation times, place large investments in few offspring, and whose success depends on which chromosomes they recombine their chromosomes with (which mtDNA can't do)
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