Debate and discussion of any biological questions not pertaining to a particular topic.
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I was reading about the phospholipid bilayer/membranes and how it's fluid like in nature which is the reason why molecules such as proteins are able to move across it laterally. What I don't understand is which kind of proteins are able to move around the membrane; my book says there's two major types of membrane proteins including integral proteins which are firmly bound to the membrane and peripheral proteins which are not even embedded in the lipid bilayer. If integral proteins are firmly bound and peripheral proteins are not even embedded in the first place, then which proteins exactly are able to move around the lipid bilayer?
Integral proteins cannot move out of the bilayer, but they can diffuse to any side. Peripheral proteins are associated with one surface, but can scoot around on that surface. If you think of the cell membrane as the surface of a planet then these proteins can move north, south, east, and west, but they generally cannot burrow toward the planet's core or fly off into space.
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