Human chromosomes

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Human chromosomes

Post by active » Fri Feb 12, 2010 11:40 pm

Hi!
I was reading an article about human cell structure and I got curious about one thing.
Why do we (humans) have 2 chromosomes of the same kind. I mean 23 pairs. Why we don't have 46 different chromosomes?

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Post by JackBean » Sat Feb 13, 2010 10:36 am

There's difference between having 23 chromosomes/pairs of chromosomes and have 46 chromosomes. So the question is, why do we have 46 chromosomes (23 pairs) instead of having only 23.
Also, this question applies only to somatic cells (the cells of your body) and not to germ cells (eggs and sperms).
http://www.biolib.cz/en/main/

Cis or trans? That's what matters.

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Re: Human chromosomes

Post by active » Sat Feb 13, 2010 11:26 am

Thanks, but I was wondering why do we have 2 of the same kind? Also, then what is the difference between having paired chromosomes and not?

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mith
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Post by mith » Sat Feb 13, 2010 3:48 pm

they're not the same. as jack was alluding to previously, you should investigate sperm and eggs.
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Post by plasmodesmata11 » Sat Feb 13, 2010 5:50 pm

because if you had one copy of each chromosome, how could you have sex cells???

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Post by jwalin » Sun Feb 14, 2010 5:00 am

basically for reproduction
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Re: Human chromosomes

Post by active » Mon Feb 15, 2010 6:57 pm

Thank you all! Now I know my mistake, sorry about that! Maybe now I can rephrase my question:
Then why do our chromosomes are paired? As I know now, they are different , but why 1st chromosome pair contains of 2 chromosomes (I know, because it is a pair :D ) and not for example 3 or 4?

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Re:

Post by JackBean » Mon Feb 15, 2010 9:43 pm

plasmodesmata11 wrote:because if you had one copy of each chromosome, how could you have sex cells???


active: also, how would you get 3 or 4 chromosomes from 2 parents?
http://www.biolib.cz/en/main/

Cis or trans? That's what matters.

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Post by JackBean » Mon Feb 15, 2010 9:46 pm

also, our genome has size of ~3 Gbp, that is, you use ~3giga ATP-equivalents only in the body of DNA (not mentioning the process of building), so have more DNA would be quite energetically demanding
http://www.biolib.cz/en/main/

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Re: Human chromosomes

Post by mikemd » Sun Feb 21, 2010 8:15 pm

are the X and Y chromosome homologous like the autosomes?

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Post by Swede » Sun Feb 21, 2010 9:42 pm

No.

One main reason to why we have chromosome pairs is that they compensate for inadequate qualities of one. That's why persones with very alike genome (like siblings) often produce children with diseases due to a short variation of genes. Some genes are also transcripted from both alleles on both chromosomes in one pair, giving a variety which in many cases gives the individual advantages.

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Post by jwalin » Mon Feb 22, 2010 3:46 am

i thought that x and y are homologous
atleast in a karyotype we see so
and another thing for proper reproduction they should be homologous
it isn't what you do that matters but it is how you do it

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