Iris ...

Human Anatomy, Physiology, and Medicine. Anything human!

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opuntia
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Iris ...

Post by opuntia » Wed Jul 20, 2005 5:43 pm

It seems that i've never got the answers for all my questions :lol:
would the iris contraction and relaxation be there in blind people as it is in normal people?
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Post by Crimson11 » Thu Jul 21, 2005 4:20 am

as far as I know, it isn't. Considering that the contraction and relaxation of the iris is a reaction to stimulation so if the brain doesn't receive the stimuli (like in blindness) it wont send a message back instructing the iris to contract or relax

there's alot of diffrent types of blindness though, and I'm not sure about all of them

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Post by victor » Thu Jul 21, 2005 11:42 am

I think it's a matter of oculomotoric and trochlear cranial nerve and blindness is a problem with an optic cranial nerve...
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Post by MrMistery » Thu Jul 21, 2005 7:16 pm

What does the trochlear nerve have to do with it? They only go to an eye muscle. I thought the iris is the responsability of nerve 3
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Post by victor » Fri Jul 22, 2005 11:15 am

Nerve III and IV which are oculomotoric and throchlear are both control the eye muscle. So, indirectly connected with irises. :wink:
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Post by Dr.Stein » Fri Jul 22, 2005 3:25 pm

The contraction and relaxation of iris generated by pupilary sphincter muscle after stimulated by light. That muscle in innervated by nerve III.

If the blindness is caused by a broken nervous system, means that they cannot process the stimulus, so the iris will not react :wink:
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Post by MrMistery » Fri Jul 22, 2005 8:05 pm

As Dr.Stein said, although both nerves III and IV innervate the eye muscles, it is nerve III that inervates the iris
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Post by victor » Sat Jul 23, 2005 12:17 pm

Ow..I got it then...because my book wrote that nerve III and IV controls eyes' muscle..only that, no specific specification..thanks
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Post by MrMistery » Sat Jul 23, 2005 6:25 pm

nerve III: somatic muscles: right internal, right inferior, right superior, slanting(not sure about translation) inferior
vegetative muscles: iris and ciliar corp
nerve IV: slanting superior
nerve VI: right external
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Post by victor » Mon Jul 25, 2005 11:43 am

I've gotten it...the controlling of irises are controlled by autonom nerve which is:
Symphatetic for irises' dilator muscle to open the pupils wider.
Parasymphatetic for irises' sphincter muscle to make the pupils more narrow.
For the oculomotoric, throclear and abdusen are only affect in controlling somatic eyes muscles.
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Post by b_d_41501 » Mon Jul 25, 2005 1:43 pm

Exactly. My Neurobiology course that I took last semester was extremely helpful in understanding the innervation of muscles and such things.
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Post by victor » Wed Jul 27, 2005 11:35 am

This kind of thing is nearly made me confuse...there''re many muscles controlling eyes with many cranial nerve also...
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