The Living Cell

Discussion of all aspects of cellular structure, physiology and communication.

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Conger
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The Living Cell

Post by Conger » Tue Jun 28, 2005 5:32 am

I have three questions.

1. How do voltage-sensitive channel proteins respond to electrical signals?

2. How do receptor proteins pass information into cells?

3. Why are protein markers important in matching organ donors to recipients?

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mith
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Post by mith » Mon Aug 15, 2005 4:22 am

What do you know about marker proteins?
Living one day at a time;
Enjoying one moment at a time;
Accepting hardships as the pathway to peace;
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Dr.Stein
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Post by Dr.Stein » Mon Aug 15, 2005 9:58 am

Protein marker... maybe it is MHC molecule that present specific peptide...? If it is so, it is important to recognize whether it is a self cell or nonself cell, means that if the graft is recognized as nonself by immune system of the donor, the organ will be rejected (result in graft-versus-host-disease or GVHD), whereas if the graft is recognized as self it will be accepted (the transplantation is successful).
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sdekivit
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Re: The Living Cell

Post by sdekivit » Mon Aug 15, 2005 3:53 pm

Conger wrote:I have three questions.

1. How do voltage-sensitive channel proteins respond to electrical signals?

2. How do receptor proteins pass information into cells?

3. Why are protein markers important in matching organ donors to recipients?


voltage dependant channel proteins open/close at a specific memrane potential. When the potential exceeds the trigger value the channel responds.

Receptor proteins can pass information into the cell by using for example signal molecules like cAMP and so on.This triggers certain proteins in the cell.

MHC presents pieces of an protein because it is 9in contact with a proteosome that cuts the proteins. The immune system may recgonize the piece of protein as bad while it is infact another cut of the same protein that is not basd at all.

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Dr.Stein
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Re: The Living Cell

Post by Dr.Stein » Mon Aug 15, 2005 4:34 pm

sdekivit wrote:Receptor proteins can pass information into the cell by using for example signal molecules like cAMP and so on.This triggers certain proteins in the cell.

Yep, the second messenger :)
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sdekivit
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Re: The Living Cell

Post by sdekivit » Mon Aug 15, 2005 7:11 pm

Dr.Stein wrote:
sdekivit wrote:Receptor proteins can pass information into the cell by using for example signal molecules like cAMP and so on.This triggers certain proteins in the cell.

Yep, the second messenger :)


i LOVE molecular signaling pathways :)

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Dr.Stein
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Post by Dr.Stein » Tue Aug 16, 2005 6:23 am

ITIM & ITAM motifs yeah :D
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lollipop29
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cellular signalling

Post by lollipop29 » Sat Sep 03, 2005 4:47 am

Hey,

im writing something up on the activation of genes by extra-cellular signalling molecules. some of these molecules are growth factors right? i no they bind to tyrosine-kinase receptors on the cell surface but what about G-protein receptors or ligand ion gated channels? these aswell?

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