- Streblus asper Lour. (Shakhotaka): A Review of its Chemical, Pharmacological and Ethnomedicinal Properties

Glasby, JS. Dictionary of Plants containing Secondary Metabolites. London: Taylor and Francis; 1991. p. 307.
Chopra, RN.; Nayar, SL.; Chopra, IC. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants. 1st edn. New Delhi: NISCOM; 1956. p. 235.
Kirtikar, KR.; Basu, BD. Indian Medicinal Plants. Vol. 3. Allahabad: Lalit Mohan Basu Publications; 1933. p. 2291.
Bhakuni DS, Dhar ML, Dhar MM, Dhawan BN, Mehrotra BN. Screening of Indian plants for biological activity. Indian J Exp Biol. 1969;7:250–62.
Hooker, JD. Flora of British India. Vol. 5. London: L. Reeve and Co.; 1886. p. 489.
Iyengar MA, Pendse GS. Studies on pharmacognosy of root bark of Streblus asper Llour. and its tincture. Indian J Pharm. 1963;11:372–5.
Chaudhuri HN. Pharmacognostic studies on the stem bark of Streblus asper Lour. Bull Bot Surv India. 1968;10:260–2.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India. Vol. III, Part I. Delhi: Department of ISM and Homoeopathy, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; 2001. p. 460.
Gupta, AK.; Tandon, N.; Sharma, M. Quality Standards of Indian Medicinal Plants. Vol. II. New Delhi: Indian Council of Medical Research; 2005. pp. 227–34.
Sharma, PV. Dravyagun Vigyan. Vol. 3. pp. 233–4. Chowkhambha Series.
Jain, SK. Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany. New Delhi: Deep Publications; 1991. p. 172.
Singh NP, Singh VK. Streblus asper Lour—an ancient Indian drug for cure of filariasis. Acta Bot Indica. 1976;15:108–9.
Singh NP, Ram ER. Filaria and its herbal cure. New Botanist. 1988;15:201–5.
Useful Plants of India, New Delhi: NISCOM, 1992;603–4.
Khare MP, Bhatnagar SS, Schindler O, Reichstein T. Die glykoside von Streblus asper Lour. Helv Chim Acta. 1962;45:1515–34.
Khare MP, Bhatnagar SS, Schindler O, Reichstein T. Die glykoside von Streblus asper Lour. Helv Chim Acta. 1962;45:1534–46.
Manzetti AR, Reichstein T. Die glykoside von Streblus asper Lour. Helv Chim Acta. 1964;47:2303–20.
Manzetti AR, Reichstein T. Die glykoside von Streblus asper Lour. Helv Chim Acta. 1964;47:2320–30.
Chaturvedi SK, Saxena VK. β-sitosterol-3-O-β -D-arabinofuranosyl-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-O-β-D-glucopyranoside from roots of Streblus asper Lour. Acta Cienc Indica (Ser) Chem. 1984;10:122–3.
Chaturvedi SK, Saxena VK. A new saponin lupanol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl (1-5)-O-β-D-xylofuranoside from the roots of Streblus asper. Indian J Chem. 1985;24B:562.
Saxena VK, Chaturvedi SK. Cardiac glycosides from the roots of Streblus asper. Planta Med. 1985;4:343.
Barua AK, Pal SK, Basu KK. Chemical examination of Streblus asper. J Indian Chem Soc. 1968;45:7.
Fiebig M, Duh CY, Pezzuto JM, Kinghorn AD, Farnsworth NR. Plant anticancer agents, XLI. Cardiac glycosides from Streblus asper. J Nat Prod. 1985;48:981–85.
Prakash K, Deepak D, Khare A, Khare MP. A pregnane glycoside from Streblus asper. Phytochemistry. 1992;31:1056.
Chawla AS, Kapoor VK, Mukhopadhyay R, Singh M. Constituents of Streblus asper. Fitoterapia. 1990;61:186.
Fernandes F, Kamat VN, Bhatnagar SS. A preliminary note on the chemical and pharmacological examination of Streblus asper Lour. Current Science. 1961;30:420.
Mukherjee K, Roy LN. Chemical examination of Streblus asper leaves. Int J Crude Drug Res. 1983;21:189–90.
Phutdhawong W, Donchai A, Korth J, Pyne SG, Picha P, Ngamkham J, Buddhasukh D. The components and anticancer activity of the volatile oil from Streblus asper. Flav Frag J. 2004;19:445–7.
Gaitonde BB, Vaz AX, Patel JR. Chemical and pharmacological study of root bark of Streblus asper Linn. Indian J Med Sci. 1964;18:191–9.
Chatterjee RK, Fatma N, Murthy PK, et al. Macrofilaricidal activity of the stembark of Streblus asper and its major active constituents. Drug Dev Res. 1992;26:67–78.
Pandey PN, Das UK. Therapeutic assessment of Shakhotaka Ghana Vati on Slipada (Filariasis). J Res Ayur Siddha. 1990;11:31–37.
Hashmi, S.; Singh, VK. Streblus asper Lour.—an indigenous drug for the treatment of filariasis. In: Majumdar DK, Govil JN, Singh VK. , editors. Recent Progress in Medicinal Plants: Ethnomedicine and Pharmacognosy. Vol. 1. Houston, Texas, USA: SCI Tech Publishing LLC; 2002. pp. 259–19.
Nazneen P, Singhal KC, Khan NU, Singhal P. Potential antifilarial activity of Streblus asper against Setaria cervi (nematoda: filarioidea). Indian J Pharmacol. 1989;21:16.
Singh SN, Chatterjee RK, Srivastava AK. Effect of glycosides of Streblus asper on motility, glucose uptake, and certain enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism of Setaria cervi. Drug Dev Res. 1994;32:191–5.
Singh SN, Raina D, Chatterjee RK, Srivastava AK. Antifilarial glycosides of Streblus asper: effect on metabolism of adult Setaria cervi females. Helminthologia. 1998;35:173–7.
Baranwal AK, Kumar P, Trivedi VP. A preliminary study of Streblus asper Lour. (shakhotak) as an anti-lymphoedematous agent. Nagarjun. 1978;21:22–4.
Rastogi RP, Dhawan BN. Anticancer and antiviral activities in Indian medicinal plants: a review. Drug Dev Res. 1990;19:1–12.
Triratana T, Thaweboon B. The testing of crude extracts of Streblus asper (Koi) against Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus salivarius. J Dent Assoc Thai. 1987;37:19–25.
Wongkham S, Laupattarakasaem P, Pienthaweechai K, Areejitranusorn P, Wongkham C, Techanitiswad T. Antimicrobial activity of Streblus asper leaf extract. Phytother Res. 2001;15:119–21.
Taweechaisupapong S, Choopan T, Singhara S, et al. In vitro inhibitory effect of Streblus asper leaf-extract on adhesion of Candida albicans to human buccal epithelial cells. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;96:221–6.
Taweechaisupapong S, Wongkham S, Chareonsuk S. Selective activity of Streblus asper on Mutans streptococci. J Ethnopharmacol. 2000;70:73–9.
Limsong J, Benjavongkulchai E, Kuvatanasuchati J. Inhibitory effect of some herbal extracts on adherence of Streptococcus mutans. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004;92:281–9.
Taweechaisupapong S, Wongkham S, Rattanathongkom A, Singhara S, Choopan T, Suparee S. Effect of mouthrinse containing Streblus asper leaf extract on gingivitis and plaque formation. J Dent Assoc Thai. 2002;52:383–91.
Taweechaisupapong, S.; Singhara, S.; Choopan, T. Effect of Streblus asper leaf extract on selected anaerobic bacteria. 2005. pp. 177–81. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 680: III WOCMAP Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Vol. 6. Traditional Medicine and Nutraceuticals.
Amarnath Gupta, PP.; Kulshreshtha, DK.; Dhawan, BN. Antiallergic activity of Streblus asper. Indian J Pharmacol; Proceedings of the XXXIV Annual conference of the Indian Pharmacological Society; January 10–12, 2002; Nagpur. 2002. pp. 211–26.
Atal CK. Screening of Indian medicinal plants for biological activity. Part III. Indian J Exp Biol. 1969;7:250.
Hashim MS, Devi KS. Insecticidal action of the polyphenolic rich fractions from the stem bark of Streblus asper on Dysdercus cingulatus. Fitoterapia. 2003;74:670–6.
Dwivedi, SK. Evaluation of indigenous herbs as antitrypanosomal agents. (Vetwork UK website).
Das MK, Beuria MK. Anti-malarial property of an extract of the plant Streblus asper in murine malaria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1991;85:40–1.
Rastogi, S. Streblus asper, Bacopa monniera, Amoora rohituka, Bergenia stracheyi and Mallotus nepalensis. 1994. Chemical investigation of biologically active plants viz; pp. 189–96. PhD Thesis 1994, Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow (UP), India.
Chatterjee, RK.; Dhawan, BN.; Dwivedi, AK.; Fatma, N.; Kulshreshtha, DK.; Mehrotra, BN., et al. A process for the preparation of dihydroasperoside and dihydrstrebloside having macrofilaricidal activity but devoid of cardiac toxicity. 2464/DEL/95.
Chatterjee, RK.; Dhawan, BN.; Dwivedi, AK.; Fatma, N.; Kulshreshtha, DK.; Mehrotra, BN., et al. A process for the preparation of a standardised fraction (STREBLOFIL) from the plant Streblus asper containing dihydroasperoside and dihydrostrebloside and exhibiting macrofilaricidal properties but devoid of cardiac toxicity. 2471/DEL/95.
Lewis WH. Plants used as chewing sticks. J Prev Dent. 1980;6:71–3.
Cooper EL. Complementary and alternative medicine, when rigorous, can be science. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2004;1:1–4.
Müller WEG, Batel R, Schröder HC, Müller IM. Traditional and modern biomedical prospecting: Part I—the history. Sustainable exploitation of biodiversity (sponges and invertebrates) in the Adriatic Sea at Rovinj (Croatia). Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2004;1:71–82.
Mueller WEG, Schroder HC, Wiens M, Perovic-Ottstadt S, Batel R, Muller IM. Traditional and modern biomedical prospecting: Part II—the benefits. Approaches for a sustainable exploitation of biodiversity (secondary metabolites and biomaterials from sponges). Evid Based Complement Altern Med. 2004;1:133–44.
Patwardhan B, Warude D, Pushpangadan P, Bhatt N. Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine: A Comparative Overview. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2005;2:465–73.

rating: 2.60 from 10 votes | updated on: 21 Dec 2007 | views: 12527 |

Rate article:

excellent! bad…