- Standardizing estimates of the Plasmodium falciparum parasite rate

  1. Smith DL, McKenzie FE, Snow RW, Hay SI: Revisiting the basic reproductive number for malaria and its implications for malaria control.

    PLoS Biol 2007, 5:e42.

  2. Snow RW, Marsh K: The consequences of reducing transmission of Plasmodium falciparum in Africa.

    Adv Parasitol 2002, 52:235-264.

  3. Dietz K: Mathematical models for transmission and control of malaria. In Malaria, Principles and Practice of Malariology. Edited by: Wernsdorfer WH, McGregor I. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 1988:1091-1133.

  4. Smith DL, Dushoff J, Snow RW, Hay SI: The entomological inoculation rate and Plasmodium falciparum infection in African children.

    Nature 2005, 438:492-495.

  5. Gupta S, Snow RW, Donnelly C, Newbold C: Acquired immunity and postnatal clinical protection in childhood cerebral malaria.

    Proc R Soc Lond Ser B-Biol Sci 1999, 266:33-38.

  6. Gupta S, Snow RW, Donnelly CA, Marsh K, Newbold C: Immunity to non-cerebral severe malaria is acquired after one or two infections.

    Nat Med 1999, 5:340-343.

  7. Baird JK, Jones TR, Danudirgo EW, Annis BA, Bangs MJ, Basri H, Purnomo , Masbar S: Age-dependent acquired protection against Plasmodium falciparum in people having two years exposure to hyperendemic malaria.

    The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1991, 45:65-76.

  8. Baird JK, Purnomo , Basri H, Bangs MJ, Andersen EM, Jones TR, Masbar S, Harjosuwarno S, Subianto B, Arbani PR: Age-specific prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum among six populations with limited histories of exposure to endemic malaria.

    The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1993, 49:707-719.

  9. Trape JF, Rogier C, Konate L, Diagne N, Bouganali H, Canque B, Legros F, Badji A, Ndiaye G, Ndiaye P, et al.: The Dielmo project: a longitudinal study of natural malaria infection and the mechanisms of protective immunity in a community living in a holoendemic area of Senegal.

    The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1994, 51:123-137.

  10. Baird JK: Host age as a determinant of naturally acquired-immunity to Plasmodium falciparum.

    Parasitol Today 1995, 11:105-111.

  11. Bagster-Wilson D: Malaria incidence in central and south Africa. In Malariology A comprehensive survey of all aspects of this group of diseases from a global standpoint. Volume II. Edited by: Boyd MF. Philadelphia and London: W. B. Saunders Company; 1949:800-809.

  12. Garnham PCC: Malaria immunity in Africans: effects in infancy and early childhood.

    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 1949, 43:47-61.

  13. Guerra CA, Hay SI, Lucioparedes LS, Gikandi P, Tatem AJ, Noor AM, Snow RW: Assembling a global database of malaria parasite prevalence for the Malaria Atlas Project.

    Malar J 2007, 6:17.

  14. Dietz K, Molineaux L, Thomas A: A malaria model tested in the African savannah.

    Bull World Health Organ 1974, 50:347-357.

  15. Aron JL, May RM: The population dynamics of malaria. In Population dynamics and infectious disease. Edited by: Anderson RM. London: Chapman and Hall; 1982:139-179.

  16. Aron JL: Mathematical modeling of immunity to malaria.

    Mathematical Biosciences 1988, 90:385-396.

  17. Smith T, Hii JL, Genton B, Muller I, Booth M, Gibson N, Narara A, Alpers MP: Associations of peak shifts in age-prevalence for human malarias with bednet coverage.

    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2001, 95:1-6.

  18. Metselaar D, van Thiel PH: Classification of malaria.

    Trop Geog Med 1959, 11:157-161.

  19. Gemperli A, Sogoba N, Fondjo E, Mabaso M, Bagayoko M, Briet OJ, Anderegg D, Liebe J, Smith T, Vounatsou P: Mapping malaria transmission in West and Central Africa.

    Trop Med Int Health 2006, 11:1032-1046.

  20. Gemperli A, Vounatsou P, Sogoba N, Smith T: Malaria mapping using transmission models: application to survey data from Mali.

    Am J Epidemiol 2006, 163:289-297.

  21. Omumbo JA, Hay SI, Snow RW, Tatem AJ, Rogers DJ: Modelling malaria risk in East Africa at high-spatial resolution.

    Trop Med Int Health 2005, 10:557-566.

  22. Hay SI, Snow RW: The Malaria Atlas Project: developing global maps of malaria risk.

    PLoS Med 2006, 3:e473.

  23. Kleinschmidt I, Bagayoko M, Clarke GPY, Craig M, Le Sueur D: A spatial statistical approach to malaria mapping.

    Int J Epidemiol 2000, 29:355-361.

  24. Kleinschmidt I, Omumbo J, Briet O, van de Giesen N, Sogoba N, Mensah NK, Windmeijer P, Moussa M, Teuscher T: An empirical malaria distribution map for West Africa.

    Trop Med Int Health 2001, 6:779-786.

  25. Kazembe LN, Kleinschmidt I, Holtz TH, Sharp BL: Spatial analysis and mapping of malaria risk in Malawi using point-referenced prevalence of infection data.

    Int J Health Geogr 2006, 5:41.

  26. Mayor A, Aponte JJ, Fogg C, Saute F, Greenwood B, Dgedge M, Menendez C, Alonso PL: The epidemiology of malaria in adults in a rural area of southern Mozambique.

    Malar J 2007, 6:3.

  27. McKenzie FE, Sirichaisinthop J, Miller RS, Gasser RA Jr, Wongsrichanalai C: Dependence of malaria detection and species diagnosis by microscopy on parasite density.

    The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2003, 69:372-376.

  28. Pull JH, Grab B: A simple epidemiological model for evaluating the malaria inoculation rate and the risk of infection in infants.

    Bull World Health Organ 1974, 51:507-516.

  29. Ross R: The prevention of malaria. London: John Murray; 1910.

  30. Muench H: Catalytic models in epidemiology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press; 1959.

  31. Molineaux L, Storey J, Cohen JE, Thomas A: A longitudinal study of human malaria in the West African Savanna in the absence of control measures: relationships between different Plasmodium species, in particular P. falciparum and P. malariae.

    The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1980, 29:725-737.

  32. R Development Core Team: R: a language and environment for statistical computing. In Book R: a language and environment for statistical computing. City: R Foundation for Statistical Computing; 2006.

  33. Snow RW, Omumbo JA, Lowe B, Molyneux CS, Obiero JO, Palmer A, Weber MW, Pinder M, Nahlen B, Obonyo C, et al.: Relation between severe malaria morbidity in children and level of Plasmodium falciparum transmission in Africa.

    Lancet 1997, 349:1650-1654.

  34. Port GR, Boreham PFL, Bryan JH: The relationship of host size to feeding by mosquitoes of the Anopheles gambiae Giles complex (Diptera: Culicidae).

    Bulletin of Entomological Research 1980, 70:133-144.

  35. Smith T, Beck HP, Kitua A, Mwankusye S, Felger I, Fraser-Hurt N, Irion A, Alonso P, Teuscher T, Tanner M: Age dependence of the multiplicity of Plasmodium falciparum infections and of other malariological indices in an area of high endemicity.

    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 1999, 93:15-20.

  36. al-Yaman F, Genton B, Reeder JC, Anders RF, Smith T, Alpers MP: Reduced risk of clinical malaria in children infected with multiple clones of Plasmodium falciparum in a highly endemic area: a prospective community study.

    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 1997, 91:602-605.

  37. Snow RW, Molyneux CS, Warn PA, Omumbo J, Nevill CG, Gupta S, Marsh K: Infant parasite rates and immunoglobulin M seroprevalence as a measure of exposure to Plasmodium falciparum during a randomized controlled trial of insecticide-treated bed nets on the Kenyan coast.

    The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1996, 55:144-149.

  38. Snow RW, Shenton FC, Lindsay SW, Greenwood BM, Bennett S, Wheeler J, Delgiudice G, Verdini AS, Pessi A: Sporozoite antibodies and malaria in children in a rural area of The Gambia.

    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 1989, 83:559-568.

  39. Drakeley C, Sutherland C, Bouserna JT, Sauerwein RW, Targett GAT: The epidemiology of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes: weapons of mass dispersion.

    Trends Parasitol 2006, 22:424-430.

  40. Malaria Access Project (MAP) []

rating: 0.00 from 0 votes | updated on: 27 Mar 2008 | views: 16573 |

Rate article:

excellent! bad…