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The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the links between …

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- The links between health-related behaviors and life satisfaction in elderly individuals who prefer institutional living


As presented in Table 1, the mean age of the participants (133) was 73.9 ± 8.0 years; 36.1% were female and 63.9% were male. Almost half (45.9%) of the study group had no relatives or close friends and the majority (59.5%) had spent most of their lives in a big city.

Table 1. Mean LSI-A scores of the study group and socio-demographic characteristics (n = 133)

Life satisfaction

The mean LSI-A score for the whole group was 20.9 ± 5.7. A considerable percentage of the group (27.8%) was illiterate; 46.6% had received primary school education; 22.6% had never been married, 20.3% were without health insurance and 71.4% were in the low-income bracket. The participants with low income had a significantly lower mean LSI-A score than those with moderate/high income (p = 0.009). However, no statistically significant differences were observed between the mean LSI-A scores of the participants in respect of other socio-demographic characteristics (Table 1).

It was observed that 27.1% of the study group took part in regular physical activities (walking, calisthenics) and 25.6% took part in regular leisure-time activities (handicrafts, reading, and gardening). Only 21.8% among the elderly had had a fall in the previous year. 35.3% were non-smokers and 78.2% were teetotal. The elderly who performed regular physical activity had significantly higher mean LSI-A scores than those who did not (p = 0.01). Those participating in regular leisure-time activities also had significantly higher LSI-A scores (p = 0.002). However, no significant differences were observed in the mean LSI-A scores with respect to smoking, alcohol use or fall history (p > 0.05) (Table 2).

Table 2. Mean LSI-A scores according to health-related behaviors, fall history and regular leisure time activity

The multiple linear regression analysis results showed that regular physical and leisure-time activities were significantly related to LSI-A scores (p = 0.02, p = 0.005, respectively; R 2 = 0.112) (Table 3).

Table 3. Predictors of life satisfaction index scores by multiple linear regression analysis

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