such as "Introduction", "Conclusion"..etc
Alderson MR. 1985. Season and mortality. Health Trends 17:87-96.
Anderson RN, Rosenberg HM. 1998. Age Standardization of Death Rates: Implementation of the Year 2000 Standard. National Vital Statistics Reports. Vol 47, No 3. Hyattsville, MD:National Center for Health Statistics.
Applegate WB, Runyan JW Jr, Brasfield L, Williams MLM, Konigsberg C, Fouche C. 1981. Analysis of the 1980 heat wave in Memphis. J Am Geriatr Soc 29:337-342.
Arrhenius S. 1896. On the influence of carbonic acid in the air upon the temperature of the ground. Philos Magazine 41:237-276.
Boer GJ, Flato G, Ramsden D. 2000. A transient climate change simulation with greenhouse gas and aerosol forcing: projected climate for the 21st century. Clim Dyn 16:427-450.
Bonner RM, Harrison MH, Hall CJ, Edwards RJ. 1976. Effect of heat acclimatization in intravascular responses to acute heat stress in man. J Appl Physiol 41:708-713.
Boville BA, Kiehl JT, Rasch PJ, Bryan FO. 2001. Improvement to the NCAR-CSM-1 transient climate simulations. J Clim 14:164-179.
Bridger CA, Ellis FP, Taylor HL. 1976. Mortality in St. Louis, Missouri, during heat waves in 1936, 1953, 1954, 1955 and 1966. Environ Res 12:38-48.
Bull GM. 1973. Meteorological correlates with myocardial and cerebral infarction and respiratory disease. Br J Prev Soc Med 27:108-113.
Bull GM, Morton J. 1978. Environment, temperature and death rates. Age Aging 7:210-224.
Chan NY, Stacey MT, Smith AE, Ebi KL, Wilson TF. 2001. An empirical mechanistic framework for heat-related illness. Clim Res 16:133-143.
Changnon SA, Kunkel KE, Reinke BC. 1996. Impacts and responses to the 1995 heat wave: a call to action. Bull Am Meteorol Soc 77:1497-1506.
Chestnut LG, Breffle WS, Smith JB, Kalkstein LS. 1998. Analysis of differences in hot-weather-related mortality across 44 U.S. metropolitan areas. Environ Sci Policy 1:59-70.
Curwen M. 1991. Excess winter mortality: a British phenomenon? Health Trends 1990 22:169-175.
Davis RE, Knappenberger PC, Novicoff WM, Michaels PJ. 2002. Decadal changes in heat-related human mortality in the eastern United States. Clim Res 22:175-184.
------. 2003. Decadal changes in heat-related human mortality in the eastern United States. Int J Biometeorol 47:166-175.
Donaldson GC, Keatinge WR. 1997. Early increases in ischaemic heart disease mortality dissociated from and later changes associated with respiratory mortality after cold weather in south east England. J Epidemiol Community Health 51:643-648.
Donaldson GC, Keatinge WR, Näyhä S. 2003. Changes in summer temperature and heat-related mortality since 1971 in North Carolina, South Finland, and southeast England. Environ Res 91:1-7.
Efron B, Gong G. 1983. A leisurely look at the bootstrap, the jackknife, and cross-validation. Am Stat 37:36-48.
Ellis FP. 1972. Mortality from heat illness and heat-aggravated illness in the United States. Environ Res 5:1-58.
Ellis FP, Prince HP, Lovatt G, Whittington RM. 1980. Mortality and morbidity in Birmingham during the 1976 heat wave. Q J Med 49:1-8.
Energy Information Agency. 2003. Appliance Reports. Washington, DC:U.S. Department of Energy. Available: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/reps/ appli/contents.html [accessed 7 July 2003].
Eurowinter Group. 1997. Cold exposure and winter mortality from ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, respiratory disease, and all causes in warm and cold regions of Europe. Lancet 349:1341-1346.
Folland CK, Parker DE. 1995. Correction of instrumental biases in historical sea surface temperature data. Q J R Meteorol Soc 121:319-367.
Frost DB, Auliciems A. 1993. Myocardial infarct death, the population at risk, and temperature habituation. Int J Biometeorol 37:46-51.
Gaffen DJ, Ross RJ. 1998. Increased summertime heat stress in the U.S. Nature 396:529-530.
------. 1999. Climatology and trends of U.S. surface humidity and temperature. J Clim 12:811-828.
Gagge AP, Fobelets AP, Berglund PE. 1986. A standard predictive index of human response to the thermal environment. ASHRAE Trans 92:709-731.
Goldman L, Cook EF. 1984. The decline in ischaemic heart disease mortality rates: an analysis of the comparative effects of medical interventions and changes in lifestyle. Ann Intern Med 101:825-836.
Gorjanc ML, Flanders WD, VanDerslice J, Hersh J, Malilay J. 1999. Effects of temperature and snowfall on mortality in Pennsylvania. Am J Epidemiol 149:1152-1160.
Gover M. 1938. Mortality during periods of excessive temperature. Public Health Rep 53:1122-1143.
Greenberg JH, Bromberg J, Reed CM, Gustafson TL, Beauchamp RA. 1983. The epidemiology of heat-related deaths Texas--1950, 1970-79 and 1980. Am J Public Health 30:130-136.
Hansen J, Sato M, Glascoe J, Rudy R. 1998. A common-sense climate index: Is climate changing noticeably? Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 95:4113-4120.
Henschel A, Burton LL, Margolies L, Smith JE. 1969. An analysis of the heat deaths in St. Louis during July 1966. Am J Public Health 59:2232-2242.
Höppe P. 1993. Heat balance modelling: multi-author review. Experentia 49:741-746.
------. 1999. The physiological equivalent temperature--a universal index for the biometeorological assessment of the thermal environment. Int J Biometeorol 43:71-75.
Horikoshi T, Einishi M, Tsuchikawa T, Imai H. 1997. Geographical distribution and annual fluctuation of thermal environmental indices in Japan: development of a new thermal environmental index for outdoors and its application. J Hum Environ Syst 1:87-92.
Houghton JT, Ding Y, Griggs DJ, Noguer M, van der Linden PJ, Dai X, et al., eds. 2001. Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press.
Houghton JT, Jenkins GJ, Ephraums JJ, eds. 1990. Climate Change: The IPCC Scientific Assessment. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press.
Houghton JT, Meira Filho LG, Callander BA, Harris N, Kattenberg A, Maskell K, eds. 1996. Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press.
Jendritzky G, Bucher K, Laschewski G, Walther H. 2000. Atmospheric heat exchange of the human being, bioclimate assessments, mortality and thermal stress. Int J Circumpolar Health 59:222-227.
Jendritzky G, Nübler W. 1981. A model analysing the urban thermal environment in physiologically significant terms. Arch Meteorol Geophys Bioclimatol Ser B 29:313-326.
Jones PD. 1994. Hemispheric surface air temperature variations: a reanalysis and an update to 1993. J Clim 7:1794-1802.
Jones TS, Liang AP, Kilbourne EM, Griffin MR, Patriarca PA, Wassilak SG, et al. 1982. Morbidity and mortality associated with the July 1980 heat wave in St. Louis and Kansas City, Missouri. JAMA 247:3327-3331.
Kalkstein LS. 1993. Health and climate change--direct impacts in cities. Lancet 342:1397-1399.
------. 2000. Saving lives during extreme weather in summer. Br Med J 321:650-651.
Kalkstein LS, Davis RE. 1989. Weather and human mortality: an evaluation of demographic and interregional responses in the United States. Ann Assoc Am Geogr 79:44-64.
Kalkstein LS, Greene JS. 1997. An evaluation of climate/mortality relationships in large U.S. cities and the possible impacts of a climate change. Environ Health Perspect 105:84-93.
Kalkstein LS, Jamason PF, Greene JS, Libby J, Robinson L. 1996. The Philadelphia hot weather-health watch/warning system: development and application, summer 1995. Bull Am Meteorol Soc 77:1519-1528.
Katsouyanni K, Pantazopoulou A, Touloumi G, Tselepidaki I, Moustris K, Asimakopoulos D, et al. 1993. Evidence for interaction between air pollution and high temperature in the causation of excess mortality. Arch Environ Health 48:235-242.
Keatinge WR, Coleshaw SRK, Easton JC. 1986. Increased platelet and red cell counts, blood viscosity and plasma cholesterol levels during heat stress, and mortality from coronary and cerebral thrombosis. Am J Med 81:795-800.
Keatinge WR, Donaldson GC, Cordioli E, Martinelli M, Kunst AE, Mackenbach JP, et al. 2000. Heat related mortality in warm and cold regions of Europe: observational study. Br Med J 321:670-673.
Keeling CD, Whorf TP. 1994. Atmospheric CO2 records from sites in the SIO air sampling network. In: Trends '93: A Compendium of Data on Global Change (Boden TA, Kaiser DP, Sepanski RJ, Stoss FW, eds). Oak Ridge, TN:Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 16-26.
Khaw KT. 1995. Temperature and cardiovascular mortality. Lancet 345:337-338.
Kilbourne EM. 1997. Heat waves and hot environments. In: The Public Health Consequences of Disaster (Noji EK, ed). New York:Oxford University Press, 245-269.
Kilbourne EM, Choi K, Jones TS, Thacker SB, Field Investigation Team. 1982. Risk factors for heatstroke: a case-control study. JAMA 247:3332-3336.
Knappenberger PC, Michaels PJ, Schwartzman PD. 1996. Observed changes in the diurnal temperature and dewpoint cycles across the United States. Geophys Res Lett 23:2637-2640.
Kunst AE, Looman CWN, Mackenbach JP. 1993. Outdoor air temperature and mortality in the Netherlands: a time series analysis. Am J Epidemiol 137:331-341.
Langford IH, Bentham G. 1995. The potential effects of climate change on winter mortality in England and Wales. Int J Biometeorol 38:141-147.
Larsen U. 1990a. Short-term fluctuations in death by cause, temperature, and income in the United States 1930-1985. Soc Biol 37:172-187.
------. 1990b. The effects of monthly temperature fluctuations on mortality in the United States from 1921 to 1985. Int J Biometeorol 34:136-145.
Laschewski G, Jendritzky G. 2002. Effects of the thermal environment on human health: an investigation of 30 years of daily mortality data from SW Germany. Clim Res 21:91-103.
Lerchl A. 1998. Changes in the seasonality of mortality in Germany from 1946 to 1995: the role of temperature. Int J Biometeorol 42:84-88.
Lye M, Kamal A. 1977. The effects of a heat wave on mortality rates in elderly patients. Lancet 1:529-531.
Manabe S, Wetherald RT. 1975. The effects of doubling the carbon dioxide concentration on the climate of a general circulation model. J Atmos Sci 32:3-15.
Marmor M. 1975. Heat wave mortality in New York City, 1949 to 1970. Arch Environ Health 30:130-136.
McGeehin MA, Mirabelli M. 2001. The potential impacts of climate variability and change on temperature-related morbidity and mortality in the United States. Environ Health Perspect 109(suppl 2):185-198.
McKee CM. 1990. Deaths in winter in Northern Ireland: the role of low temperature. Ulster Med J 59:17-22.
Michaels PJ, Balling RC Jr, Vose RS, Knappenberger PC. 1998. Analysis of trends in the variability of daily and monthly historical temperature measurements. Clim Res 10:27-33.
Mitchell JFB, Johns TC. 1997. On the modification of global warming by sulphate aerosols. J Clim 10:245-267.
Nakai S, Ioh T, Morimoto T. 1999. Deaths from heat-stroke in Japan: 1968-1994. Int J Biometeorol 43:124-127.
National Assessment Synthesis Team (NAST). 2000. Climate Change Impacts on the United States: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change. Washington, DC:US Global Change Research Program.
National Center for Health Statistics. 1998. Compressed Mortality File 1964-1998 [CD-ROM]. Atlanta, GA:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service. 2000. TD-3280 US Surface Airways and Airways Solar Radiation Hourly. Washington, DC:US Department of Commerce. Available: http://dss.ucar.edu/datasets/ds470.0 [accessed 4 September 2003].
NCDC. 1993. Solar and meteorological surface observation network 1961-1990 [CD-ROM]. Asheville, NC:National Climatic Data Center.
Oechsli FW, Buechley RW. 1970. Excess mortality associated with three Los Angeles September hot spells. Environ Res 3:277-284.
Robeson SM. 2002. Relationships between mean and standard deviation of air temperature: implications for global warming. Clim Res 22:205-213.
Robinson PJ. 2000. Temporal trends in United States dew point temperatures. Int J Climatol 20:985-1002.
Rogot E, Padgett SJ. 1976. Associations of coronary and stroke mortality with temperature and snowfall in selected areas of the United States, 1962-1966. Am J Epidemiol 103:565-575.
Rogot E, Sorlie PD, Backlund E. 1992. Air-conditioning and mortality in hot weather. Am J Epidemiol 136:106-116.
Schuman SH. 1972. Patterns of urban heat-wave deaths and implications for prevention: data from New York and St. Louis during July, 1966. Environ Res 5:59-75.
Schuman SH, Anderson CP, Oliver JT. 1964. Epidemiology of successive heat waves in Michigan in 1962 and 1963. JAMA 180:131-136.
Schwartzman PD, Michaels PJ, Knappenberger PC. 1998. Observed changes in the diurnal dew point cycles across North America. Geophys Res Lett 25:2265-2268.
Semenza JC, Rubin CH, Falter KH, Selanikio JD, Flanders WD, Howe HL, et al. 1996. Heat-related deaths during the July 1995 heat wave in Chicago. N Engl J Med 335:84-90.
Seretakis D, Lagiou P, Lipworth L, Signorello LB, Rothman KJ, Trichopoulos D. 1997. Changing seasonality of mortality from coronary heart disease. JAMA 278:1012-1014.
Smoyer KE, Rainham GC, Hewko JN. 2000. Heat-stress-related mortality in five cities in southern Ontario: 1980-1996. Int J Biometeorol 44:190-197.
Steadman RG. 1979. The assessment of sultriness. Part I: a temperature-humidity index based on human physiology and clothing science. J Appl Meteorol 18:861-873.
------. 1984. A universal scale of apparent temperature. J Clim Appl Meteorol 23:1674-1687.
Stouffer RJ, Manabe S. 1999. Response of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide: sensitivity to the rate of increase. J Clim 12:2224-2237.
U.S. Department of Commerce. 1973. General Population Characteristics, United States. Washington, DC:U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
------. 1982. General Population Characteristics, United States. Washington, DC:U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
------. 1992. General Population Characteristics, United States. Washington, DC:U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
------. 2001. General Population Characteristics, United States. Washington, DC:U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
Wilks DS. 1995. Statistical Methods in the Atmospheric Sciences. San Diego, CA:Academic Press.
Wyndham CH, Fellingham SA. 1978. Climate and disease. S Afr Med J 53:1051-1061.
Wyndham CH, Rogers GG, Senay LC, Mitchell D. 1976. Acclimatization in a hot humid environment: cardiovascular adjustments. J Appl Physiol 40:779-785.
Enter the code exactly as it appears. All letters are case insensitive.