such as "Introduction", "Conclusion"..etc
The first evidence of genetically engineered
plants growing in the wild has been found and reported by a team of scientists
conducting research in North Dakota.
This is one of the
heated topics presented at the 95th Annual Meeting recently
conducted in Pittsburg
and organized by the Ecological Society of America (i.e. August 1-6, 2010). With
a theme revolving around the impacts of invasive species, pollution and
environmental disasters on the ecosystem, significant environmental changes
occurred through the time. One of these changes is the recently found evidence
of genetically engineered plants in the wild.
Meredith G. Schafer
of the University of Arkansas and colleagues from different organizations
reported their findings regarding a study they conducted on canola plants
thriving in different cuts of land in North Dakota. In 406 canola plants collected,
Schafer's research team was able to provide proof of transgenic plants that
have grown outside agricultural fields. Of the 406 plants, 86% was positive for
CP4 EPSPS protein (confers tolerance to glyphosate herbicide) or PAT protein
(confers tolerance to glufosinate herbicide).
Cynthia Sagers of University of Arkansas said
that there were also instances of multiple transgenes in single individuals.
Further she explains, "Varieties with multiple transgenic traits have not
yet been released commercially, so this finding suggests that feral populations
are reproducing and have become established outside of cultivation. These
observations have important implications for the ecology and management of
native and weedy species, as well as for the management of biotech products in
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