such as "Introduction", "Conclusion"..etc
Laboratory experiments have demonstrated the immunological effects of
ginseng. Researchers have now shown that the herb, much used in
traditional Chinese and other Asian medicine, has anti-inflammatory
Allan Lau led a team of researchers from the University of Hong Kong
who identified seven ginseng constituents, ginsenosides, which showed
immune-suppressive effects. He said, "The anti-inflammatory role of
ginseng may be due to the combined effects of these ginsenosides,
targeting different levels of immunological activity, and so
contributing to the diverse actions of ginseng in humans".
The scientists treated human immune cells with different extracts of
ginseng. They found that of the nine ginsenosides they identified, seven
could selectively inhibit expression of the inflammatory gene CXCL-10.
Lau concludes, "Further studies will be needed to examine the potential
beneficial effects of ginsenosides in the management of acute and
chronic inflammatory diseases in humans".
Uniquely, the researchers were able to holistically test the ginseng
extract's immune effects by using sophisticated purification
technologies to identify individual constituents and define their
bioactivity using genomics and bioactivity assays. After that, they
reconstituted them back into a whole extract with definable individual
ginsenosides for re-confirmation of effects. This potentially opens up a
vigorous methodology to study medicinal herbs with state-of-the-art
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