such as "Introduction", "Conclusion"..etc
What's the point of setting up marine reserves to protect coral reefs
from pollution, ship groundings and overfishing if climate change could
cause far more damage? A study published this week in London in Proceedings of the Royal Society B provides the answer.
For decades researchers have known that corals synchronize their
release of eggs and sperm into the water but were unsure of how and
why. Robert van Woesik, a biologist at the Florida Institute of
Technology, explains why corals spawn for just a few nights in some
places but elsewhere string out their love life over many months.
The study shows that corals spawn when regional wind fields are
light. When it is calm the eggs and sperm have the chance to unite
before they are dispersed. Corals off the coast of Kenya have months of
light winds so they can reproduce for much of the year. On the Great
Barrier Reef in Australia, calm weather is short-lived and the coral
reproductive season is brief.
The results of the study are critically important for effective reef conservation.
According to van Woesik: "Coral reproduction is a very local event.
This means local conservation efforts will maximize reproductive
success and give reef systems a chance to adapt to global climate
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