such as "Introduction", "Conclusion"..etc
June 18, 2009 — A new NOAA report on the
health of Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary indicates that the
overall condition of the sanctuary’s marine life and habitats is fair
to good, but identifies several emerging threats to sanctuary resources.
“Global issues of concern such as marine debris, ocean acidification
and invasive species have the potential to degrade fragile sanctuary
resources and habitats,” said Dan Howard, sanctuary superintendent.
“This report provides a baseline for monitoring changes to sanctuary
resources and will help us to better understand and respond to these
Prepared by NOAA's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, the
peer-reviewed Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary Condition Report
indicates that water quality in the sanctuary is generally good due to
the sanctuary’s offshore location and distance from major urban
population centers. Seafloor habitat quality was rated lower, primarily
due to prior impacts from fishing gear that came into contact with the
sanctuary’s rocky reef and soft sediment habitats.
The report notes that populations of rockfish, salmon, some seabird
species, and leatherback sea turtles that use the sanctuary are
depleted, but that fishery closures are helping to rebuild depleted
The report indicates that additional research is needed about
contaminants and invasive species. While no maritime archaeological
resources have been identified in the sanctuary, only 18 percent of the
sanctuary seafloor has been mapped with high resolution tools that
could be used to find sunken vessels.
The full sanctuary condition report is now available online. Similar reports are being developed for the other sites in the National Marine Sanctuary System.
Located 42 miles north of San Francisco, Cordell Bank National
Marine Sanctuary is one of 14 marine protected areas managed by NOAA’s
Office of National Marine Sanctuaries. Designated by Congress in 1989,
the sanctuary’s productive waters are a destination feeding area for
local and migratory marine life. Its unique rocky undersea thrives with
invertebrates and fishes and is surrounded by the softer sediments of
the continental shelf.
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