such as "Introduction", "Conclusion"..etc
ITHACA, N.Y. – The research is clear: Adolescents tend to
fare better – academically and behaviorally – when they live with both
biological parents. But when their parents frequently argue, young adults are
significantly more likely to binge drink than other teenagers. They also tend to
smoke and perform at school in ways similar to those who don’t live with both
findings suggest that exposure to parental conflict in adolescence is associated
with poorer academic achievement, increased substance use and early family
formation and dissolution, often in ways indistinguishable from living in a
stepfather or single-mother family,” said Kelly Musick, Cornell University
associate professor of policy analysis and management.
Musick is the lead author of a study that looked at how
teenagers in 1,963 households in the National Survey of Families and Households
fared from their teens to early thirties, comparing those who lived with married
parents who often fought with those living in stepfather or single-mother
households. Musick and co-author Ann Meier of the University of Minnesota looked
at such outcomes as school success, substance abuse and nonmarital childbearing.
Their work, which was presented at the annual meetings of
the Population Association of America and the American Sociological Association,
is published as a report from the California Center for Population Research at
the University of California-Los Angeles; it is summarized in “The Rural New
York Minute,” a publication of Cornell’s Community and Rural Development
results clearly illustrate that the advantages of living with two continuously
married parents are not shared equally by all children,” said Musick. “Compared
with children in low-conflict families, children from high-conflict families are
more likely to drop out of school, have poor grades, smoke, binge drink, use
marijuana, have early sex, be young and unmarried when they have a child and
then experience the breakup of that relationship.” The timing and sequence of
young adult transitions, she added, are important indicators for success in
later life, and income and parenting did not account for these differences.
Interestingly, for half these outcomes, “associations
with parental conflict are statistically indistinguishable from those with
stepfather and single mother-families, said Musick. While young adults from high-conflict households are
significantly less likely to drop out of high school, have early sex and
cohabit, and they are more likely to attend college, compared with stepfather or
single-mother families, they are also significantly more likely to binge drink.
odds of binge drinking are about a third higher for children from high-conflict
families compared to single-mother families,” Musick said.
bottom line, she said, is that children in high-conflict married households tend
to do no better than those in stepfather and single-mother families. How well
parents manage their anger and conflict is obviously important for the outcomes
of children, but she stressed, policy initiatives that promote marriage “need to
take account of how variation within marriage relates to child
-- News release courtesy of Cornell University
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