such as "Introduction", "Conclusion"..etc
Deep-sea ecosystems (at depths of >1000 m) comprise more than 60% of
the Earth surface, and are the main reservoirs of global biodiversity.
Climate changes are expected to induce significant modifications in
biodiversity on the global scale, yet little is known on the impact of
recent climate changes on the deep-sea biodiversity.
In the forthcoming issue of Ecology Letters, Danovaro, Dell'Anno and
Pusceddu demonstrate that an extensive climate anomaly, which occurred
in the Eastern Mediterranean, caused a significant deep-sea
biodiversity change. These results indicate that temperature shifts of
0.05-0.1 °C in the deep sea are sufficient to induce significant
changes in species richness and functional diversity.
They conclude that deep-sea fauna is highly vulnerable to
environmental alteration, and that very minor temperature shifts in
deep-water masses can rapidly and significantly alter both structural
and functional deep-sea biodiversity. This study provides new elements
towards a better understanding of the potential large-scale
consequences of climate change.
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