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Medical Biophysics

Articles on Medical Biophysics are concerned with studies and research findings that apply physics to describe biological process mainly for medical application. This discipline combines physics and physiology. Important areas of research include medical imaging (e.g. MRI, computed tomography, and PET), oncology and cancer diagnosis using radiolabelling and molecular imaging, and vasculature and circulatory system function.

Medical Biophysics Articles

Ultrasound Can Help Low-Risk Patients Avoid Invasive Thyroid Biopsy
The prevalence of benign thyroid nodules is high and there are certain ultrasound features, suggesting malignancy, that can help radiologists determine whether or not a biopsy is needed

Date: 15 Jun 2009, Rating: not rated

MDCT Angiography Helps Lead to Successful Treatment of Patients with Severely Blocked Arteries in the Legs
MDCT angiography leads to accurate recommendations for successful treatment of patients with critical limb ischemia, sometimes allowing the patients to avoid more complicated surgery

Date: 15 Jun 2009, Rating: not rated

New MR Technique May Help Save Women from Unnecessary Breast Biopsies
A new MR procedure that uses diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to determine whether or not a breast lesion is malignant or benign may help reduce unnecessary breast biopsies

Date: 27 May 2009, Rating: not rated

Interpretation Time for Screening Digital Mammograms: Is it Efficient?
Digital mammograms take longer to interpret than film-screen mammograms, according to a study performed at The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas.

Date: 22 Jan 2009, Rating: not rated

Traditional Risk Assessment Tools Do Not Accurately Predict Coronary Heart Disease
The Framingham and National Cholesterol Education Program tools, NCEP, do not accurately predict coronary heart disease

Date: 22 Jan 2009, Rating: not rated

Tiny delivery system with a big impact on cancer cells
Researchers are reporting for the first time that nanoparticles 1/5,000 the diameter of a human hair encapsulating an experimental anticancer agent, kill human melanoma and drug-resistant breast cancer cells growing in laboratory cultures.

Date: 12 Jan 2009, Rating: not rated

Clothing with a brain: “Smart fabrics” that monitor health
Researchers are reporting progress toward a simple, low-cost method to make “smart fabrics,” electronic textiles capable of detecting diseases, monitoring heart rates, and other vital signs.

Date: 31 Dec 2008, Rating: not rated

Coronary CTA is a Non-Invasive, Low Cost Alternative for Evaluating “Intermediate Risk” Patients, Even with Calcified Plaques
Coronary CTA offers a low cost, non-invasive alternative to conventional angiography for evaluating patients who are suspected of having coronary artery disease

Date: 31 Dec 2008, Rating: not rated

Multidetector CT Cystography Accurately Detects Urine Leaks after Prostatectomy
Multidetector CT (MDCT) cystography (diagnostic procedure used to examine the bladder) can be used to detect vesicourethral leaks (a common problem) after prostatectomy

Date: 31 Dec 2008, Rating: not rated

The New Unified Theory of ATP Synthesis/Hydrolysis and Muscle Contraction, Its Manifold Fundamental Consequences and Mechanistic Implications and Its Applications in Health and Disease
Complete details of the thermodynamics and molecular mechanisms of ATP synthesis/hydrolysis and muscle contraction are offered from the standpoint of the torsional mechanism of energy transduction...

Date: 29 Nov 2008, Rating: 5.00, 13 pages

Nonequilibrium thermodynamics and energy efficiency in weight loss diets
Carbohydrate restriction as a strategy for control of obesity is based on two effects: a behavioral effect and metabolic effect.

Date: 28 Nov 2008, Rating: 1.00, 10 pages

Direct technetium-99m labeling of anti-hepatoma monoclonal antibody fragment: a radioimmunoconjugate for hepatocellular carcinoma imaging
To directly radiolabel an anti-hepatoma mAb fragment HAb18 F(ab’)2 with 99mTc by stannous-reduced method

Date: 28 Nov 2008, Rating: not rated, 9 pages

MRI Useful And Reliable In Surgical Planning Of Patients With Rectal Cancer
3T MRI can accurately stage, and help surgeons plan sphincter-sparing surgery in patients with rectal cancer

Date: 21 Nov 2008, Rating: not rated

Guiding Lasers To Their Target
Like most treatments, laser therapy can benefit from image guidance.

Date: 21 Nov 2008, Rating: not rated

MRI/PET Scanner Combo Made For First Time
Two kinds of body imaging -- positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) -- have been combined for the first time in a single scanner

Date: 21 Nov 2008, Rating: 2.50

3T MRI Leads To Better Diagnosis For Focal Epilepsy, Study Suggests
3T MRI is better at detecting and characterizing structural brain abnormalities in patients with focal epilepsy than 1.5T MRI, leading to a better diagnosis and safer treatment of patients

Date: 21 Nov 2008, Rating: not rated

Heavy Atoms Can Help Destroy Tumor Cells
A new discovery has been made in cancer research.

Date: 21 Nov 2008, Rating: not rated

Cancer Treatment: Light Powered Platinum 80 Times More Powerful Than Similar Cancer Treatments
Researchers have discovered a new light-activated platinum-based compound that is up to 80 times more powerful than other platinum-based anti-cancer drugs...

Date: 21 Nov 2008, Rating: not rated

Slowing The Racing Heart
Scientists have discovered how we put the brakes on a racing heartbeat.

Date: 21 Nov 2008, Rating: not rated

Radiation inactivation of ricin occurs with transfer of destructive energy across a disulfide bridge
The ionizing radiation sensitivity of ricin, a disulfide-linked heterodimeric protein, was studied as a model to determine the ability of disulfilde bonds to transmit destructive energy.

Date: 9 Dec 2007, Rating: not rated, 7 pages