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Biology Articles » Bioengineering
Bioengineering is a technology that applies engineering to various aspects of biology. It aims to analyze, modify, and control biological systems in order to design and create products that can replace, augment, or sustain biological, chemical or mechanical processes (e.g. prosthetics, and implants).
Kingston Computing Expert Charts Amputees' RehabilitationNew Kingston University research could reduce the recovery time for lower limb amputees by helping health professionals chart patients' progress more easily.
Ring-like formations in drying DNA drops could affect hybridization studiesCoffee drinkers are familiar with the ring-shaped stains that result from spilled drops that have dried, in which the brown stain is not evenly distributed, but instead concentrated at the edge.
Role of reaction kinetics and mass transport in glucose sensing with nanopillar array electrodesThis study intends to investigate the role of reaction kinetics and mass transport in biosensing when electrodes with nanoscale features are used.
Amyloglucosidase enzymatic reactivity inside lipid vesiclesIn this study, the entrapment of amyloglucosidase from Aspergillus niger into dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine multilamellar vesicles and large unilamellar vesicles was investigated.
Electrospun nitrocellulose and nylon: Design and fabrication of novel high performance platforms for protein blotting applicationsElectrospinning is a non-mechanical processing strategy that can be used to process a variety of native and synthetic polymers into highly porous materials composed of nano-scale to micron-scale diameter fibers.
Flow and wall shear stress in end-to-side and side-to-side anastomosis of venous coronary artery bypass graftsCFD analysis of venous CABG based on in-vivo CT datasets in patients was feasible producing qualitative and quantitative information on mass flow and WSS.
Evolutionary optimization of classifiers and features for single-trial EEG DiscriminationThe aim of this study was to design and compare methods for automatic classifier tailoring and feature subset optimization in order to maximize EEG pattern detection accuracy
Influence of spacer length on heparin coupling efficiency and fibrinogen adsorption of modified titanium surfacesThis work aimed to investigate the influence of different coupling agents with varying chain length on the amount and biological performance of surface bound heparin.
Physiologically-based testing system for the mechanical characterization of prosthetic vein valvesDue to the relatively limited amount of work done to date on developing prosthetic vein (as opposed to cardiac) valves, advances in this topic require progress in three distinct areas
Optical and electrical recording of neural activity evoked by graded contrast visual stimulusBrain activity has been investigated by several methods with different principles, notably optical ones.
Molecular and bioengineering strategies to improve alginate and polydydroxyalkanoate production by Azotobacter vinelandiiSubjects covered by this review include research concerning the production of alginate and PHB by A. vinelandii, particularly aspects which include the molecular regulation of the production of the two polymers...
Researchers devise new tools to help pinpoint treatments for heart failureScientists studying heart cells have devised a new way to visualize and quantify the rise and fall in the activity of a key enzyme linked to heart failure...
Simulating human metabolism to find new diets to new drugsBioengineering researchers have painstakingly assembled a virtual human metabolic network that will give researchers a new way to hunt for better treatments for hundreds of human metabolic disorders
Scientists identify molecular cause for one form of deafnessScientists exploring the physics of hearing have found an underlying molecular cause for one form of deafness...
Woven scaffolds could improve cartilage repairUsing a unique weaving machine of their design, researchers have created a three-dimensional fabric "scaffold" that could greatly improve the ability of physicians to repair damaged joints with the patient's own stem cells.
Mad Cow Breakthrough? Genetically Modified Cattle Are Prion FreeThe U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) have announced initial results of a research project involving prion-free cattle.
Berkeley Researchers Lay Groundwork for Cell Version of DNA Chip: New Technique Developed for Attaching Biological Cells to Non-Biological SurfacesThis technique holds promise for a wide variety of applications, including biosensors, drug-screening technologies, the growing of artificial tissues and the design of neural networks.
Researchers develop neural prosthesis allowing a monkey to feed self using only its brainResearchers at the University of Pittsburgh have demonstrated that a monkey can feed itself with a robotic arm simply by using signals from its brain, an advance that could enhance prosthetics for people, especially those with spinal cord injuries.
New Class of Synthetic Capsules that Mimic Biological Cells Has Wide Array of Potential UsesApplications in Gene Therapy, Drug Delivery, and Artificial Cell Design Expected
How Movement Lubricates Bone Joints: Sliding Forces Applied To Cartilage Surfaces Prompt Production Of Lubricating MoleculesBioengineering researchers have shown that sliding forces applied to cartilage surfaces prompt cells in that tissue to produce molecules that lubricate and protect joints.
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