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Biology Articles » Biochemistry

Biochemistry

A collection of articles in Biochemistry, the study of the structure and function of cellular components, such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and other biomolecules, and of their functions and transformations during life processes


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Biochemistry Articles

Articular Cartilage Collagen: an irreplaceable framework?
New evidence that collagen type III becomes covalently added to the polymeric fabric of adult human articular cartilage is presented.

Date: 17 Jan 2007, Rating: not rated, 8 pages

The Structure and Function of Cartilage Proteoglycans
Cartilage contains a variety of proteoglycans that are essential for its normal function.

Date: 17 Jan 2007, Rating: 4.76, 9 pages

Researchers discover new tumor defense system
Researchers have discovered that tumors release fatty acids that interfere with the cells that are trying to kill them.

Date: 17 Jan 2007, Rating: not rated

Baby's genes affect mom's cholesterol levels
A group of Belgian researchers has determined that a pregnant woman's ability to metabolize fats is determined not only by her genes but by her baby's genes as well.

Date: 17 Jan 2007, Rating: 2.33

Stomach receptor for H. pylori discovered
Scientists have determined that decay-accelerating factor (DAF), a protein found in epithelial cells in the stomach, acts as a receptor for the bacteria Helicobacter pylori.

Date: 17 Jan 2007, Rating: 2.20

Disabling A Carb Trigger Reduces Obesity And Appetite
Until about 15 years ago, insulin was believed primarily responsible for turning carbohydrates into fat.

Date: 17 Jan 2007, Rating: 7.00

New Polysaccharide May Help Combat Multidrug Resistance In Cancer
Scientists report that a molecule previously thought to play a purely structural and inert role in cells is actually involved in multidrug resistance in cancer.

Date: 17 Jan 2007, Rating: 7.00

Beyond The Bonds That Bind: Researchers Discover Hydrogen Can Form Multicenter Bonds
Researchers have shown that, under the right circumstances, hydrogen can form multicenter bonds, where one hydrogen atom simultaneously bonds to as many as four or six other atoms.

Date: 12 Dec 2006, Rating: not rated

Hormone Replacement Therapy Reduces Bad Cholesterol, Lp (a)
Hormone replacement therapy may help reduce a woman's risk of heart attack, by lowering blood levels of the most potentially destructive form of cholesterol, according to a study.

Date: 16 Jan 2007, Rating: 5.29

Marijuana-like compounds suppress the immune response
A group of Japanese scientists has discovered that cannabinoids can cause some white blood cells to lose their ability to migrate to the sites of infection and inflammation.

Date: 16 Jan 2007, Rating: 3.00

The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling cascade in CD4 T cells
A review on the recent advances in the understanding of the role of the p38 MAPK signaling cascade in CD4 T cells and the consequences that its inhibition provokes in T cell functions in vitro and in vivo.

Date: 27 Sep 2006, Rating: 4.80, 8 pages

Summary: Systemic Effects of Inhaled Nitric Oxide
In this article, many of the whole-animal studies regarding the systemic effects of inhaled NO are reviewed in the context of this emerging understanding of the complexities of NO biochemistry.

Date: 27 Sep 2006, Rating: not rated, 2 pages

Coenzyme Q Shortens Life Span Of Worms Substantially, UCLA Chemists Report
A popular dietary supplement, Coenzyme Q, accelerates aging and death in a microscopic worm studied by UCLA biochemists.

Date: 26 Sep 2006, Rating: 3.00

UC Riverside Biochemists Develop Technology To Increase Vitamin C In Plants
Biochemist have developed technology that increases the amount of vitamin C in plants, including grains, by increasing the amount of the enzyme that is responsible for recycling vitamin C.

Date: 26 Sep 2006, Rating: 7.75

Striking The Right Balance Between Excitation And Inhibition
Neurons in the brain and spinal cord come in two flavors, excitatory neurons that transmit and amplify signals, and inhibitory neurons that inhibit and refine those signals

Date: 26 Sep 2006, Rating: not rated

Nuclear Receptor Minireview Series
The nuclear receptor superfamily describes a related but diverse array of transcription factors, which include nuclear hormone receptors (NHRs)1 and orphan nuclear receptors.

Date: 15 Sep 2006, Rating: 3.67, 2 pages

Signaling the Unfolded Protein Response from the Endoplasmic Reticulum
The authors discussed the basic components of the UPR pathways, the physiological roles of the UPR signaling, and the future direction of the field.

Date: 15 Sep 2006, Rating: 3.38, 9 pages

Ketone Bodies Stimulate Chaperone-mediated Autophagy
Study shows that treatment of cells with ketone bodies increased the proteolysis of long-lived proteins under conditions in which most proteolysis is due to Chaperone-mediated autophagy.

Date: 15 Sep 2006, Rating: not rated, 7 pages

A New Class of Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor Agonists with a Novel Binding Epitope Shows Antidiabetic Effects*
In here the authors described a new class of PPAR agonists, the 5-substituted 2-benzoylaminobenzoic acids (2-BABAs)...

Date: 17 Aug 2006, Rating: not rated, 9 pages

The channel architecture of aquaporin 0 at a 2.2-Å resolution
In this study the x-ray structure of bovine aquaporin 0 (AQP0) was determined to a resolution of 2.2 Å.

Date: 17 Aug 2006, Rating: not rated, 7 pages