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Anatomy & Physiology

This section includes articles on Anatomy, which deals with the structure and organization of living things at the cellular, tissue, and organ level, and Physiology, which studies the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of living organisms. It is not uncommon for Physiology to be associated with Anatomy since structure and function are mostly inseparable topics particularly at the cellular and molecular level.

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Anatomy & Physiology Articles

Butterfly Proboscis to Sip Cells
A butterfly's proboscis looks like a straw -- long, slender, and used for sipping -- but it works more like a paper towel

Date: 12 Jan 2010, Rating: 3.73

Watch Your Step When The Going Gets Rough
Placing your foot accurately is a complicated process.

Date: 12 Jan 2010, Rating: 4.14

Footwear Alters Normal Form And Function Of The Foot
A habitually shod lifestyle has consequences for the biologically normal anatomy and function of the foot.

Date: 12 Jan 2010, Rating: 2.67

Auditory Regions Of Brain Convert To Sense Of Touch, Hearing Loss Study Finds
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers have discovered that adult animals with hearing loss actually re-route the sense of touch into the hearing parts of the brain.

Date: 12 Jan 2010, Rating: 5.00

Repairing Knee Ligament: Anatomy And Stability Of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With Different Techniques
An improved understanding of the anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in recent years has generated a renewed interest in the evaluation of surgical techniques to repair the knee ligament.

Date: 12 Jan 2010, Rating: 3.00

Knee Surgery: Technique That Improves Anterior Cruciate Ligament Surgery Identified
Surgeons from Hospital for Special Surgery in New York have identified a drilling technique that improves the outcome of surgery to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).

Date: 12 Jan 2010, Rating: 4.00

BCL-6 Regulates Insulin Signaling Pathway in Adipocytes
Computational and functional analysis of growth hormone-regulated genes identifies the transcriptional repressor Bcl6 as a participant in GH-regulated transcription (Endocrinology published April 30, 2009)

Date: 13 May 2009, Rating: 5.00

Differences in femoral compact bone tissue microscopic structure between adult cows (Bos taurus) and pigs (Sus scrofa domestica)
The purpose of this investigation was to study in detail compact bone tissue microscopic structure of adult cows and pigs with an emphasis to find an adequate key for the species identification. (Abstract only).

Date: 21 Aug 2008, Rating: 2.40

Intracellularly Labeled Fusiform Cells in Dorsal Cochlear Nucleus of the Gerbil. II. Comparison of Physiology and Anatomy
The present report describes the physiology and anatomy of 17 intracellularly recorded and labeled fusiform cells from the DCN of anesthetized gerbils.

Date: 13 Aug 2008, Rating: 1.00, 10 pages

Anatomy, Physiology, and Synaptic Responses of Rat Layer V Auditory Cortical Cells and Effects of Intracellular GABAA Blockade
These findings indicate that IB cells receive less GABAA-mediated inhibitory input and are able to spike or burst in response to thalamocortical synaptic stimulation far more readily than RS cells.

Date: 13 Aug 2008, Rating: not rated, 9 pages

Anatomy and Physiology of Principal Cells of the Medial Nucleus of the Trapezoid Body (MNTB) of the Cat
The goal in these in vivo experiments was to answer the questions described above by characterizing the basic response features of cat MNTB cells, with glass electrodes, and to subsequently label the cell with either HRP or neurobiotin.

Date: 13 Aug 2008, Rating: not rated, 8 pages

Male Kidneys For Men Only?
The gender of donor and recipient plays a larger role in kidney transplants than previously assumed.

Date: 12 Aug 2008, Rating: 4.40

Research shows skeleton to be endocrine organ
A surprising and critically important novel function of the skeleton.

Date: 12 Aug 2008, Rating: 4.40

Keeping biological tubes in check: New insights into tube size morphogenesis
The function of tubular organs like the kidneys, lungs, and vessels of the vascular system is critically dependent on the length and diameter of the tubular branches of which they are composed.

Date: 12 Aug 2008, Rating: 4.00

HOXA11 shows its strength in the pelvis
The quality of life of millions of women is negatively affected by pelvic organ prolapse (POP) — the downward descent of the pelvic organs that causes symptoms such as urinary incontinence.

Date: 12 Aug 2008, Rating: not rated

Humans are Omnivores
Humans are classic examples of omnivores in all relevant anatomical traits.

Date: 12 Aug 2008, Rating: 3.83

Anatomy and Physiology of the Primate Interstitial Nucleus of Cajal. II. Discharge Pattern of Single Efferent Fibers
Single efferent fibers of the interstitial nucleus of Cajal (NIC) were characterized physiologically and injected with biocytin in alert behaving monkeys.

Date: 1 Nov 2007, Rating: not rated, 8 pages

The Amygdaloid Complex: Anatomy and Physiology
In this review, the authors examine the anatomical and physiological substrates proposed to underlie amygdala function.

Date: 1 Nov 2007, Rating: 4.24, 14 pages

Morphometry of acromion and its clinical implications
Abstract : Previous studies demonstrated that the morphology of the acromion and its respective relations with the uppermost point of the glenoid and the coracoid process is very important in the determination of subacromial space

Date: 30 Oct 2007, Rating: 3.00

Anatomical study in relation to the implicated sites in the zygomatic implants technique
Abstract : The technique of zygomatic implants introduced by Branemark et al. (1997) in search of a simple solution for total maxillary toothless patients without a residual margin.

Date: 30 Oct 2007, Rating: 1.00