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Biology Articles » Agriculture

Agriculture

An art, science or practice of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products through the cultivation of crops, management of the soil, and raising of livestock. Agriculture denotes activities  (i.e. tillage, fertilization, pest control, harvesting, etc.) essential to food and material production. It also includes all techniques in growing and maintaining domesticated animals (e.g. cattle, cows, goats, hogs, poultry, horses, etc.), and handling their by-products. Its prime concern is causing the land to produce more abundantly while protecting it from deterioration and misuse.


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Agriculture Articles

Straw Residue Helps Keep Nitrogen on the Farm
Cover crops have been found to prevent nitrogen leaching into waterways. They have also been found to reduce soil erosion -- an implication of legume cover crops to be integrated with synthetic fertilizer in the future.

Date: 6 Aug 2010, Rating: 3.62

Four-Leaf Clover Gene Found, Researchers Say
A four-leaf clover is rarely expressed. Mapping and identifying the gene responsible for this trait improve breeding new cultivars.

Date: 2 Aug 2010, Rating: 4.00

The Perfect Prawn?
Could science finally able to breed the perfect prawn?

Date: 1 Jul 2010, Rating: 4.20

Projected Food, Energy Demands Seen To Outpace Production
With the caloric needs of the planet expected to soar by 50 percent in the next 40 years, planning and investment in global agriculture will become critically important

Date: 3 Jan 2010, Rating: 1.63

Growing More Rice With Less Water
A new method to grow rice could save hundreds of billions of cubic metres of water while increasing food security, according to a study by World Wildlife Foundation.

Date: 3 Jan 2010, Rating: 3.71

Early Agriculture Left Traces In Animal Bones
Unraveling the origins of agriculture in different regions around the globe has been a challenge for archeologists.

Date: 3 Jan 2010, Rating: 1.00

Shatter-Resistant Pods Improve Brassica Crops
An international team of scientists has cracked the problem of pod shatter in brassica crops such as rapeseed or canola.

Date: 3 Jan 2010, Rating: 5.00

Advance In 'Nano-Agriculture:' Tiny Stuff Has Huge Effect On Plant Growth
With potential adverse health and environmental effects often in the news about nanotechnology, scientists in Arkansas are reporting that carbon nanotubes (CNTs) could have beneficial effects in agriculture.

Date: 3 Jan 2010, Rating: 4.33

First evidence that weed killers improve nutritional value of a key food crop
Scientists are reporting for the first time that the use of weed killers in farmers’ fields boosts the nutritional value of an important food crop.

Date: 1 Sep 2009, Rating: 3.46

Urban Trees Enhance Water Infiltration
Global land use patterns and increasing pressures on water resources demand creative urban stormwater management.

Date: 21 Nov 2008, Rating: 3.42

A Model to Measure Soil Health in the Era of Bioenergy
A team of scientists report in SSSAJ that they developed a model to measure soil quality and the loss of organic matter due to increased use of crop residues.

Date: 21 Nov 2008, Rating: 4.40

Nitrous Oxide Emissions Respond Differently to No-Till Depending on the Soil Type
Authors report that within the first 5 yr of adopting a no-tillage practice in a heavy clay soil, nitrous oxide emissions could offset the soil carbon dioxide sink.

Date: 30 Oct 2008, Rating: 4.00

Agriculture in the developing world: Connecting innovations in plant research to downstream applications
Enhancing agricultural productivity in those areas of the world bypassed by the Green Revolution will require new approaches...

Date: 31 Jul 2008, Rating: 3.23, 8 pages

Mechanisms underlying plant resilience to water deficits: prospects for water-saving agriculture
Water scarcity imposes huge reductions in crop yield and is one of the greatest limitations to crop expansion outside present-day agriculture areas.

Date: 31 Jul 2008, Rating: 5.00, 8 pages

Sustainability of irrigated agriculture in the San Joaquin Valley, California
The sustainability of irrigated agriculture in many arid and semiarid areas of the world is at risk because of a combination of several interrelated factors

Date: 31 Jul 2008, Rating: 4.00, 6 pages

Possibilities for the Use of Oil Contaminated Solids for Agricultural Purposes
All phases of oil exploitation, from the start of oil-drilling works to construction of
the transport system (underground pipeline network) are accompanied by interventions
and procedures hazardous to the environment.

Date: 31 Jul 2008, Rating: 1.00, 7 pages

Dioxin risk in soil and plant tissues after long-term biosolids application
Scientists address dioxin concerns and report their findings in the July-August issue of Journal of Environmental Quality

Date: 30 Jul 2008, Rating: not rated

CO2 increase in the atmosphere augments tolerance of barley to salinity
Higher CO2 has some positive effects on the physiology of barley plants and increases its tolerance to salinity

Date: 30 Jul 2008, Rating: 3.50

New study points to agriculture in frog sexual abnormalities
A farm irrigation canal would seem a healthier place for toads than a ditch by a supermarket parking lot.

Date: 30 Jul 2008, Rating: 3.33

An impossible coexistence: Transgenic and organic agriculture
First field study in Europe carried out by a researcher from the UAB Institute of Environmental Science and Technology

Date: 30 Jul 2008, Rating: 3.00