A qualitative or quantitive deficiency of hemoglobin or red blood cells in circulation resulting in a reduced capacity of the blood to carry oxygen to organs and tissues.


Iron deficiency, excessive blood loss, excessive hemolysis, and ineffective hematopoiesis may result in anaemia.

Word origin: New Latin, from Greek anaimiā : an-, without + haima, blood.

Variant: anemia

Compare: polycythemia

Related terms:

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