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Y chromosome

Y chromosome

(Science: genetics) The small chromosome that is male-determining in most mammal species and found only in the heterogametic sex. Thus in mammals the male has one y chromosome and one x chromosome. One region of the y chromosome, the pseudoautosomal region, is homologous to and pairs with the x chromosome. The primary determinant of male sexual development is found on the unpaired, differentiated segment of the y chromosome. It carries few other genes besides those dictating sperm development and triggering appropriate hormonal output. The sex chromosome that is carried by men; human males normally have one x chromosome and one Y chromosome.One of the sex chromosomes that has the genetic information to produce male offspring, that is accompanied by chromosome X. Some inherited characteristics in offspring (such as hairy ears and colour blindness in men) are believed to be sex linked, I.e. in.


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Re: Mitochondrial DNA

There are genetic diseases caused by defects carried on the mitochondrial chromosome that can have clear phenotypic consequences. http://www.umdf.org/site/c.8qKOJ0MvF7LUG/b.7934627/k.3711/What_is_Mitochondrial_Disease.htm

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by jonmoulton
Mon Sep 08, 2014 5:23 pm
 
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Mitochondrial DNA
Replies: 2
Views: 145

Colorblindness Probability Help!

The incidence of an XXY karyotype is about 1 in every 1000 male births, the extra X chromosome coming either from the mother's egg or the father's sperm by nondisjunction during meiosis. Suppose the baby's father has red-green colorblindness. Would you predict that ...

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by kaylagh
Sun Sep 07, 2014 6:07 am
 
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Colorblindness Probability Help!
Replies: 0
Views: 49

Chromatin

I am all for skipping the mitochondrial chromosome for now:) Thank you for your explanation...it really helps:)

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by Hannamerika
Thu Sep 04, 2014 10:13 pm
 
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Chromatin
Replies: 2
Views: 188

Re: Chromatin

Before replication there were 23 pairs of molecules, 23 of maternal origin and 23 of paternal origin, plus the maternally-contributed mitochondrial chromosome (which I'll ignore for the rest of this post). Counting chromosomal centromeres, there are 46 centromeres total. After replication there ...

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by jonmoulton
Thu Sep 04, 2014 3:04 pm
 
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Chromatin
Replies: 2
Views: 188

Chromatin

... cell for it to replicate. Is that correct? That way once the chromatin replicates and does all of it's twisting and coiling, we then have our 23 chromosome pairs. Yes?

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by Hannamerika
Thu Sep 04, 2014 9:12 am
 
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Chromatin
Replies: 2
Views: 188
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