Water potential



The measure of the relative tendency of water to move from one area to another, and is commonly represented by the Greek letter Ψ (Psi).


Water potential is caused by osmosis, gravity, mechanical pressure, or matrix effects including surface tension. It is useful in understanding water movements within plants, animals, and soil.

Word origin: potential » Late Latin potentiālis, powerful, from Latin potentia, power.

Compare: Osmotic Potential.
See also: osmosis.

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